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Archive for November 1st, 2007

Tracking the history of Naxal movement

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

Understanding the Naxalite movement requires traveling back in time when the romance of revolution was in the air and when many young men and women left their homes and worked in the rural hinterland.

Not all of these revolutionaries turned to violence and not every revolutionary was misguided.

For instance, nearly 50 years ago, caught up in the mood of the times, Niki Cardozo – then a traditional Jesuit priest in Bombay found himself traveling to a remote tribal village in Maharashtra.

In a couple of months, he realized that each of the 100-odd women there had been raped by the upper caste men at some point.

And when a young mother dared to complain to the police, the police turned on her.

”A group of us took whatever we could find to beat the cop. I picked up a knife. I was so angry. But the cop ran away. After that I have not picked up a knife,” said Niki Cardozo, Social Worker.

Although the often cruel nature of the state may have provoked him to violence, Niki Cardozo is not and has never been a gun-carrying Naxal.

But many others, who like him left their sheltered urban homes to travel to the rural hinterland, made a different and more violent choice.

The romance, the danger and the often misguided idealism of those times is captured brilliantly in Sudhir Mishra’s Hazaron Khwaishen Aisi, as the youth – fresh out of universities – were disillusioned by a system that had failed to deliver the country of their dreams.

”The 1960s, you can imagine – Mrs Gandhi comes to power with the promise Garibi Hatao, which the youth soon discovered was an empty slogan and was a political tactic.”

”Say 20 years after Independence, the disenchantment with promise of independence was apparent. There were very serious famines, for example the 1967 Bihar famine. Those were very traumatic,” said Darryl D’Monte, Author, Journalist

The stories of these men were reported with more than a little sympathy by journalists like Bernard D’Mello.

”Those students and youth who were more sensitive to the problem of poor, the problem of India, were drawn towards the Naxal movement. They began to organize poor peasants, labourers and so on, and in a small way, it spread.”

”The epicenter in first half of the 1970s was really Kolkata. So if you contrast Mumbai with Kolkata up to early and the mid 1970s, the Naxalite movement was almost non-existent in a relative sense to that in Kolkata,” said Bernard D’Mello, Deputy Editor Economic and Political Weekly.

”In Mumbai, there were many sympathizers – some of whom were just camp followers and many of them had no idea of Marx or Lenin. They might have carried a little red book, but they certainly hadn’t read it. It was fashionable,” said Darryl D’Monte.

But in Bombay, for some it was not just the prevailing intellectual fashion that pushed them; it was actually their personal faith.

For some of Bombay’s young Catholics, it was the doctrine of Liberation Theology, which preached the need for social change.

That doctrine not only bore a striking resemblance to a Communist charter but also sat uneasily next to the Left’s aversion to religion.

It’s this odd mix of Liberation Theology and Marxism, which, for instance, drew someone like Vernon Fernandes into the more radical path of Naxalism.

”Liberation Theology is a mix of Christian option for poor and Marxist philosophy. It would fit into Vernon’s philosophy, like making option for poor,” said Kenneth Gonsalves, Brother of Vernon.

Today, some of these urban guerillas are in jail, while others have gone underground. Yet some others have returned to more respectable professions.

”We think Naxals are some kind of fringe idiots who have nothing better to do. But here are people who are putting their lives on the line, certainly their family, by working in remote inhospitable terrain with the risk of being shot by the army at any time.”

”And let me repeat that it’s misguided to take to arms; it’s misguided. But it’s a sign of the frustration of the very conditions,” said Darryl D’Montet.

Posted in Maharashtra | Leave a Comment »

The People’s Guerrilla Army PROGRAMME & CONSTITUTION, A CPI-ML PeoplesWar Document

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

Article 1 : The People.s Liberation Army is the main instrument in the hands of the CPI(ML)[PEOPLE.S WAR] and all the people of India in the achievement of the task of overthrow, specifically of imperialism and the state power of the big bourgeoise, big landlord classes collaborating with it and the establishment in its place a new democratic state under the leadership of the working class. It, will, in every stage of the revolution, strive for the victory of the people and will firmly adhere to the glorious task of preserving the victories won by the people and to the cause of socialism.

Article 2 : The line of protracted people.s war is our military strategy. That means, encircling the cities from the countryside and ultimately capturing state power. Towards the achievement of that aim, the people.s army will fight under party.s leadership developing its forces to the extent possible, consolidating them, wiping out the enemy forces to the extent possible and building guerrilla zones with the aim of establishment of Liberated Areas.

Article 3 : In accordance with the changing war conditions the PGA has to acquire expertise in guerrilla and mobile warfare and the People.s Liberation Army has to acquire expertise in positional warfare.

Article 4 : The PGA will extends full backing to People.s State Power, that gets formed in the guerrilla zones and base areas. It will fight with all its might to depend the People.s State Power from enemy onslaughts and to offer support to the People.s State Power, in its exercise of its power over the exploiting classes. It will stand by the people, in the implementation of People.s Democracy; it stands answerable to the people.

Article 5 : The PGA is a political and military force quite different from revolutionary mass organisations. It forms a detachment in the Army of the International Proletariats.

Article 6 : The party defines the strategy and tactics of the revolution. As a part of it, the CC will formulate in accordance with circumstances, the concrete forms of organisation and forms of war that are to be followed during the various stages of the people.s war. The Central Military Commission will guide the military affairs in accordance with them. The military (operational) command will give direct leadership to field operations

The people.s army always keeps M-L-M politics in command. The party will have full control over the army. M-L-M ensures that this does not get reversed. The party is the leader who stands at the forefront of the people’s army.

Article 7 : The peoples army at present exists in the form of PGA. This has to be developed as the People’s Liberation Army and expanded. The people.s guerrilla army is an armed organisation formed for the achievement of political aims of the revolution. While, on the one hand, waging war to destroy enemy.s military might, it has to take up other political tasks like, conduction of propaganda among the people, organising the people, arming of the people, helping the people in the establishment of revolutionary power, formation of Party Organisations etc.

Article 8 : The survival and growth of the PGA depends on, going deeply among the people and gaining their love and affection. The PGA firmly opposes the pure military outlook which is divorced from the masses and adventurism. It will function adhering to the mass line.

Article 9 : At present PGA will be in the following forms. Military formations at platoon and higher levels that will move to any place and participate in war, according to the demands of war and on the orders of commission/command command, and the action teams will constitute the main forces, the special guerrilla squads, local guerrilla squads and action teams which will be under the jurisdiction of various divisions/districts will constitute the secondary forces and the people.s militia will constitute the basic forces. As the people.s guerrilla army expands, changes will occur in its forms.

Article 10 : In the PGA, all the formations from platoon and above, will have party committees. The party branch will be formed with party members. Various squads will have a party cell or a party branch. A committee at that level can be formed where needed. Party members too will be there in the militia along with ordinary young men and women.

Article 11 : All kinds of forces in the PGA will function under the leadership of respective party committees. They must implement the decisions of those party committees.

Article 12 : Party members in PGA can be invited according to their level to party conferences/plenums at respective levels. In general, the party committees of military formation at platoon and higher levels will be elected in conferences.

Article 13 : Democratic relations only will prevail in the PGA. The PGA will give honourable treatment to the surrendered enemy soldiers. It will strictly adhere to the three rules of discipline formulated by comrade Mao; it will sincerely try to implement the 8 points of attention.

Article 14 : The PGA participation in labour and will cherish labour.

Article 15 : The PGA will participate in the propaganda and agitations programmes as directed by Party Committees. It will organise the people. The PGA will extensively employ people’s art forms in its propaganda. It will try to enhance the consciousness of the people.

Article 16 : Any male or female, who has reached the age of 16 will be eligible to join the PGA. They should have the determination to fight with the enemy with hatred. They should be of good health. They must posses the minimum of consciousness of participating in the service of the people with commitment and dedications. They must hate the enemy and cherish the people.

Posted in CPI (Maoist) | Leave a Comment »

CPM desperate to recapture Nandigram

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

Shyam Sundar Roy

MIDNAPORE, Oct. 30: The CPI-M is desperate to recapture Nandigram in anticipation of a snap poll in the Lok Sabha. On 26 October, Mr Lakshman Seth, the party MP from Tamluk, expressed his worries at a party rally held there for being denied entry into Nandigram for the
past 10 months. The party activists were ousted by the Bhumi Uchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) over plans to acquire farmland for a chemical hub.

“The Opposition,” he thundered, “thinks that they would win the seat in the Lok Sabha election by preventing the Marxist loyalists from voting in Nandigram Assembly segment.” “But this design of the BUPC cannot be tolerated any more. We have to step up our battle to foil that. There are cries and bloodshed to bring about a change,” he said.

It was reported that hours after his instigation of the party cadres, the CPI-M sent gunmen, on 27 October, to launch an attack in Ranichowak, Satengabari, Kamalpur and several adjoining villages in Nandigram.

One of the BUPC activists fell to CPI-M’s bullets, and several others including two school boys sustained bullet injuries and are being treated at SSKM hospital in Kolkata. One of the injured school boys, 12-year-old Bulu Mir, is feared to suffer permanent loss of eyesight. By hiring armed musclemen the CPI-M aims to re-establish “Red rule” in Nandigram. They succeeded in ousting the Opposition forces in a similar manner in Kespur and Garbeta in West Midnapore.

It has been alleged that the police aided the CPI-(M) in this Opposition-cleansing operation in West Midnapore. It has been learnt from reliable sources that some of these police officials are likely to be posted in Midnapore- East to do a similar operation for the governmen on the pretext of restoring peace in trouble-scarred Nandigram.

Meanwhile, the left front leaders have blamed Mr Lakshman Seth for instigating the party cadres to create turmoil in Nandigram and have
demanded action against him.

Posted in Nandigram | Leave a Comment »

UPSC exam put off due to naxal violence

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

Rajesh Sinha and Baljeet Parmar

MUMBAI/NEW DELHI: Naxal violence in Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhatisgarh forced the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to postpone the civil services (main) examinations scheduled for October 31. The call for West Bengal bandh by the Trinamool Congress (TC) was another
reason, according to an official from the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).

The UPSC said fresh dates for the public administration/political science and international relations papers would be announced later.

According to sources, the exams may be held any day between November 5 and 10.

More than 95,000 candidates had appeared for the preliminary examination held on May 20. Of these, around 5,000 qualified for the mains that started on October 26.

The DoPT official said the papers had to be postponed due to the West Bengal bandh call on Wednesday and disturbance in naxal-affected states as several candidates could have faced problems in reaching the examination centres.

He denied reports that papers were deferred because of a leak.

Posted in Chhattisgarh | Leave a Comment »

Police seize mobile phone from jailed Maoist leader Narayan Sanyal

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

Raipur: A mobile phone has been seized from Maoist leader Narayan Sanyal who has been imprisoned at the Bilaspur Central Jail for almost two years, police officials said Thursday.

Police alleged that the 70-year-old Sanyal alias Vijay Dada, who was arrested in January 2006, started the use of landmines by Maoist cadres. He is the lone surviving contemporary of Charu Majumdar who began the violent Maoist movement at Naxalbari in West Bengal in 1967.

“We seized a mobile phone from Sanyal Wednesday. When a jail staff spotted a mobile set in Sanyal’s hand, the Maoist leader immediately hid the phone in his clothes but we seized it,” Pradeep Gupta, superintendent of police of Bilaspur district, told IANS.

Sanyal is facing charges of masterminding an attack on former Andhra Pradesh chief minister Chandrababu Naidu in October 2003 and the escape of prisoners from Bihar’s Jehanabad jail in November 2005. He has also been accused of being involved in about 10 other terror attacks across the country.

“The mobile set has no SIM card and I believe that the Maoist leader had taken it out immediately from the set when the staff spotted and hidden it somewhere,” Gupta said.

“We even performed a X-ray test soon after the recovery of the mobile set amid speculation that he had swallowed the SIM card but found nothing,” the police officer added.


Posted in Narayan Sanyal | Leave a Comment »

Maoists fail in A.P., though successful in other States

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

With police maintaining continuous pressure, they move to other States

Maoists snatched 529 arms in two years in other States killing 392 security personnel

The Andhra Police have seized 201 weapons this year alone, besides 250 rockets

HYDERABAD: It’s like watching the two ends of a spectrum. If the Maoist movement appears to be advancing unbridled in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar and Orissa, it’s the reverse scenario in Andhra Pradesh.

If the Maoists have succeeded in involving ‘People’s Militia'(people who are involved in full time revolutionary activity) in raids conducted in towns in other states, in Andhra Pradesh, it’s the police which conduct raids in interior forest areas, which were hitherto billed as ‘Red-bastions’.

Seizure of arms

The Maoists have snatched 529 weapons during the last two years all over the country after killing 392 personnel of the security forces, according to a latest Maoist document. The statistics with the Andhra Pradesh police too are eye-openers. The Andhra Police have seized 201 weapons this year alone, not to speak of about 250 rockets in battle-ready condition and rocket components which could make another 200 rockets, if assembled. That would mean that Andhra had reclaimed close to 40 per cent of the weapons lost in other States, if not the same weapons.

People’s role crucial

Crucial to success of both the police and the naxalites is one component, that of people’s participation. Naxalites have been involving general public, called ‘People’s Militia’ in their surprise attacks in urban centres in other States. A raid on home guards training centre in Giridh, Jharkhand, yielded them 190 weapons in November 2005; R. Udayagiri town raid in Orissa in March 2006 (33 automatic weapons looted0; 18 weapons were lost in Jashpur raid in Chhattisgarh in February 2006 (18 weapons).

Precisely, it’s this people’s participation in the counter-ops, which helped Andhra Pradesh police unearth the arms dumps.

With relentless pressure being maintained, Maoists cadres have moved away to neighbouring states and obviously, they cannot carry their weapons.

These weapons, neatly greased and packed, are stored in plastic drums and buried in interior areas. Invariably, the police continue to get information about the dumps and seizure of weapons and explosives has continued with unfailing regularity.

In Mahabubnagar district alone, the police have seized 50 weapons, including automatic weapons like Kalshnikov rifles, SLRs and carbines, when they unearthed nearly two dozen dumps in Nallamala forests. 32 weapons were seized in Guntur district in addition to 600 rocket launchers, 50 anti-personnel pressure activated mines and 50 landmines. In Prakasam, 14 weapons have been seized followed by seven in Nalgonda this year.

Posted in Andrapredesh | Leave a Comment »

Cops pin Maoist tag to harass us: RSP leaders

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

BEHRAMPORE: Police are harassing RSP leaders in Murshidabad suspecting them to be Maoists, claimed a leaflet signed by senior party leaders.

RSP state committee leader Jayanta Biswas, zilla parishad members Jyotsna Sen, Nefajuddin Mondal and Sirajul Islam, Naoda zonal committee secretary, Sirajul Islam, along with 15 other leaders, have signed the leaflet.

“Police are harassing our workers, suspecting them to be Maoists. Party workers, Alauddin Molla, Siraj Sheikh, Anwar Molla, Asadul Molla and Rejjak Khan, have been arrested and houses of several party leaders raided. RSP leader Abdul Bari Molla, could not return home, fearing police torture. A section of police is doing this in collusion with Congress,” said Jayanta Biswas.

“The chief minister has instructed police officers not to harass innocent people, suspecting them to be Maoists. This will put them on alert and be more organised,” alleged Jyotsna Sen, Murshidabad Zilla Parishad member.
Rubbishing the charges, Murshidabad SP Rahul Srivastava said: “We have no political leanings. Police have nabbed those, who are suspected to have Maoist links.”

“Some CPM, RSP and Congress leaders are providing shelter to the Maoists. But police are avoiding those sheltered by the CPM and arrested those shielded by Congress and RSP as they were allegedly involved in the rifle-snatching incident at the Shahajanpur police camp in Hariharpara,” said a central intelligence official.

“It is a ridiculous complaint raised by a Left Front partner. Police always harass and torture Opposition party leaders, especially in Murshidabad as it is a Congress stronghold. So, how is it that police are framing false charges against our workers,” said Abu Taher Khan, Congress MLA from Naoda.

Posted in West Bengal | Leave a Comment »

Posco site tense on eve of mass rallies

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

The proposed Orissa steel plant of Posco-India, subsidiary of Pohang Iron and Steel Co, continued to stir strong emotions as thousands are gathering to hold rallies Thursday at a village near the site, some to protest and others to support the project.

Both supporters and protestors have announced plans to hold mass rallies at Balitutha village in Jagatsinghpur district, some 120 km from the state capital, where the South Korean steel major proposes to build a $12-billion steel plant by 2016, the largest foreign direct investment in India.

About a hundred policemen have been deployed in the area to prevent untoward incidents ahead of the rallies.

‘Since pro-project groups for the first time announced a rally in that village, we have deployed about 100 policemen, including three senior police officers, to avoid any untoward situation,’ a senior district police officer told IANS.

Balitutha is considered the entry point to the proposed plant site, where protestors have blocked roads for the past 36 days. They are not allowing Posco and government officials to enter the site.

Sitting member of Orissa legislative assembly and former state minister Damodar Rout would lead the pro-Posco rally, the police official said.

‘The meeting we are organising is to tell people about the benefits of the proposed project,’ Rout told IANS.

‘Let him show his strength,’ said Abhaya Sahu, president of Posco Pratirodh Sangram Samiti (PPSS), which has been protesting the deal. PPSS has decided to organise a rally of its own at the same village.

More than 7,000 people, including women and children , who have been protesting the proposed plant, would participate in the demonstration, said Sahu.

‘They will be here with full preparation to face any consequences,’ he affirmed. The people will carry ‘lathis’ (sticks), arrows, brooms and other weapons, he said.

Over 20,000 people from around 15 nearby villages in the district have been protesting the project, saying it would take away their homes and livelihoods.

Posco and the Orissa government say the plant will bring economic prosperity to the state and create jobs, although it will affect 500 families in the area.

Posted in Posco | Leave a Comment »

CPI(ML) contests police claim

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

Wednesday October 31, 01:40 AM

The death of three “Maoists” in an encounter with the police in Lohardaga district of Jharkhand on Sunday may snowball into a problem for the ruling UPA Government. CPI(ML) workers, led by Neeraj Kunwar, are now planning to hold dharnas across the state against the police claim. They also claim that those killed by the police were not Maoists.

However, Lohardaga SP Subodh Prasad defended the police claim saying: “They had challenged the police patrol. This led to an encounter and they were killed. We recovered arms from their possession.”

Kunwar, who led a dharna outside the police station in Lohardaga on Tuesday, said out of the three -Nukul Yadav, Helen Gudia and Joseph Topno – who were killed, two were members of their party.

“Gudia and Topno were not Maoists. They were innocent. The police killed them in a fake encounter,” he alleged.

“We will write to the NHRC if the state Government does not register a case of murder against the policemen,” said CPI(ML) leader Anant Prasad. Both Kunwar and Prasad demanded a compensation of Rs 5 lakh each and a job for the kin of the deceased. None of the state Government authorities, including DGP V D Ram and CM Madhu Koda, were ready to comment on the allegations. “Their allegations are bogus,” claimed Lohardaga SP. With Jayanti Soren (23) succumbing to bullet injuries at Sadar Hospital in Giridh on Monday, the toll in the Chilkhari massacre has risen to 19.

In a related case, Deori police station Inspector Vidhu Bhushan Dewedi, his wife Rajshree and son Avinash launched a fast-unto-death at the site of the massacre, demanding revocation of his suspension.

Posted in CPI(ML) Liberation, Jharkhand | Leave a Comment »

Three Naxals arrested for Chilkhadih incident

Posted by Indian Vanguard on November 1, 2007

31 Oct 2007, 2037 hrs IST,PTI

GIRIDIH (JHARKHAND): Three Naxals, allegedly involved in the Chilkhadih massacre, were arrested by police in Jharkhand’s Giridih district in intense combing operations on Wednesday.

A total of 19 people, including the son of former chief minister Babulal Marandi were killed in the pre-dawn Naxal attack during a cultural function on October 27.

Giridih Additional Superintendent of Police Arun Kumar Singh said the three persons were identified as Kishun Rajwar, Manoj Rajwar and Rahmat Ansari.

CPI (Maoist) have claimed responsibility for the massacre and that they had targeted Nunulal, the son of Babulal Marandi.

Those arrested on Wednesday were not named in the FIR that had been filed by the bodyguard of Nunulal Marandi, who had survived the massacre unhurt, Kumar said.

The bodyguard had named ten persons in the FIR filed two days ago

Posted in chikhadia | Leave a Comment »