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Archive for September 20th, 2007

ANNISU-R Announces Agitation Plan

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

THT Online
Kathmandu, September 20

Maoist-affiliated All Nepal National Independent Students Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) on Wednesday announced an agitation to pressurise the government for the fulfillment of it’s demands.

Issuing a release, president of the ANNISU-R Lekhnath Neupane said the union will organise public hearings at all educational institutions from September 19 till October 3. During the public hearing, the corrupt and mafia present in the education sector will be exposed, Neupane said.

A belly rally will be organised in Baluwatar on September 26, motorcycle rallies in all the cities of the country on September 29 and a nationwide torch rally will be organised on October 3. The ANNISU-R said the students will join the general strike from October 4 to 6, announced by the CPN (Maoist).

ANNISU-R president Neupane, vice-president Ram Deep Acharya and general secretary Himal Sharma will lead the struggle in Kathmandu. Another vice-president Yubaraj Chaulagain will lead the struggle in Biratnagar, Kanchan Khanal in Pokhara, Bindaman Bista in Nepalgunj, Ramesh Malla in Butwal, CP Kadariya at Jhapa, Dinesh Yadav in Janakpur, Suresh Gautam in Chitwan, Anil Sharma in Dang and Narendra Neupane in Dhangadi.

Meanwhile, the Revolutionary Journalists’ Association on Wednesday submitted a 10-point memorandum to Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala, giving the latter 10 days to meet its demands.

Acting president of the RJA Govinda Acharya said they demanded that action be taken against the murderer of senior journalist Krishna Sen, whereabouts of the missing people be made public, compensation be provided to the journalists injured during the second Jana Andolan, Rs 1 million be provided to the families of the journalists killed during the movement and the recently-promulgated Working Journalists’ Act be enforced immediately.

Acharya said the association will wage a struggle if the government remains indifferent to its demands.
During a corner meeting organised earlier by the association at Maitighar Mandala, president of the Network of Weeklies and Fortnightlies Dev Prakash Tripathee and Ganesh Basnet, general secretary of the Press Chautari Nepal, expressed solidarity with the association’s cause.

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West Bengal: Babus in boiling rice pot – Villagers scream for ration thieves’ punishment

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

Durgapur, Sept. 19: Villagers today surrounded a convoy of food department officials from Calcutta, banged at their cars with clenched fists and demanded immediate punishment for corrupt ration dealers.

The government team travelled to villages in Borjora and Sonamukhi in Bankura to probe the ration rage.

Food department joint secretary Gopinath Mukherjee and deputy director Sukhendu Chakraborty tried in vain to tell the residents of Hatasuria that they had come to look into the villagers’ problems. A mobile police patrol unit rescued them.

“They were slightly mobbed, but we were prompt,” district magistrate Surendra Gupta said.

The duo from Calcutta, district food department officials and Bankura subdivisional officer Shyamasish Roy arrived at Kotalpukur around 10am.

A ration dealer and his son had shot at a group of people demanding foodgrain in the village on Sunday.

As the officers inspected Narayan Dutta’s shop, which had been looted, farmer Shibu Ruidas, 38, asked: “Sir, what are you looking for?”

Mukherjee stepped out of the ground floor shop and started speaking to the villagers. “Do you get wheat and kerosene from this shop?”

“No, Dutta said there was no supply,” the villagers screamed in unison.

“Do you know how much grain or kerosene you are supposed to get every week?”

No was the answer again.

“We got bullets from the dealer when we demanded rice and wheat,” said Manoj Ruidas, 30, an unemployed youth.

Like Dutta, Fazal Haque Mullick of Chandai Bagan village had told villagers that the government had stopped supplying everything but kerose-ne. When villagers stormed his house on Monday, sacks of rice and wheat were found in a storeroom. They were looted.

“This is only the first day of our investigation. After visiting several villages, we have realised that most people are unaware of what they are supposed to get from a ration shop,” Mukherjee said.

He admitted negligence on the part of the department: that the monitoring system had virtually collapsed.

“There were faults on our part. I’ll submit a report along with suggestions to the government for a permanent solution to the crisis,” Mukherjee added.

At Narayansundari and Balarampur villages in Manik Bazaar, many, like Bidesh Mal, 30, a labourer and Shital Sardar, 35, a farmer, recalled how the ration shop owner had bluffed villagers for months.

Twenty-six ration dealers have been suspended over the past month, the district magistrate said.

The ration dealers’ association has sought security from the administration.


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Top Naxal leader held in Patna

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

PATNA: The Bihar police on Wednesday arrested top Naxal leader Tushar Kant Bhattacharya from a rented house at Dujra locality in Patna. Working on an intelligence input, a team led by special tasks force DSP Vinod Kumar also arrested another Tushar’s accomplice Umeshji.

Police recovered a huge quantity of Naxal literature, explosives, pendrive and training equipment from Tushar who has been staying in Patna for the past two months. Accused in a number of murder cases in Naxal-infested Karimnagar, Prakasam and Adilabad districts of Andhra Pradesh between 1974 and 1980, Tushar is reported to be heading the CPI (Maoist) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Uttar Bihar.

“We have informed police of the three states about his arrest and police officials concerned and some officials from Union home ministry are expected to arrive here to interrogate the arrested Naxal leader,” IG (Ops) S K Bharadwaj told TOI.

Tushar was produced before chief judicial magistrate who remanded him to judicial custody for 14 days.

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Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

January 1999

(The following is a report of… struggle and armed resistance of the guerillas of People ‘s War in Dandakaranya in the year 1998)

The Peasant voices of hunger thunder in the anti-famine rallies.

The vast region of Dandakaranya covering eight districts of the three states of MP, Orrisa and Maharastra, still lives in the company of famine year after year even after the ‘Golden Jubilee’ of the so-called Independence of India. And the irony of it is that it has no dearth of rivers Indravathi, Pranahita, Godavari, Sabari and several other rivulets and streams pass through Dandakaranya. It has water all over but neither the cattle and people have enough to drink nor the land has the good fortune to be soaked. As famine strikes the population every year, people migrate to the towns or to the more developed rural areas to work as coolies. In the more backward areas like Abujmahad, people are forced to consume the bark of the trees to ward off hunger.

Under the leadership of CPI(ML)[PW], these famine-stricken peasants of Dandakaranya came out in large rallies and demonstrations in 1998 against the govt. demanding compensation and relief for the victims of famine, for declaring these areas as famine-prone; for providing irrigation facilities and supply of seeds etc.; participated in raids against the big landlords and hoarders, confiscated their property and distributed it among the poorest sections; and collected funds and food-grains in aid of the severely affected people. More than one lakh people were mobilised into rallies in South and North Bastar, Gadchirolli, and Bhandara – Balaghat -Rajnandgaon divisions. “Anti-Famine Struggle Committees” were formed in several places which collected about 100 tonnes of foodfrain and Rs. 16 lakh in cash and distributed these to the famine-stricken families.

The campaign against famine began at the end of 1997 and continued until mid-1998. During this period hundreds of adivasis of Dandakaranya Adivasi Kisan Mazdoor Sangh (DAKMS) and Krantikari Adivasi Mahila Sangh (KAMS) took part in the campaign. Forming themselves into teams of 7 to 8 members, those campaign batches numbering around 75, covered more than 1000 villages all over Dandakananya. What was striking was the prominent role played by women in the campaign and their participation in the rallies. In many areas they equalled in numbers to those of the men. For instance, in Kunta squad area in South Bastar, out of the 18 propaganda teams, half belonged to KAMS. In Basaguda area in the same district, out of the 32 teams, 14 were all-women teams.

Huge rallies were held in Kunta town in Jan 1998 in which 20,000 people from 180 villages participated. Most of them came from long distances armed with their traditional bows and arrows to resist any obstruction by the police forces. For the Bhopalapatnam rally held in the same month, though thousands of people were stopped on their way to the venue, over 10,000 people from 110 villages finally turned up at the rally. Rallies were also held in Bijapur with 3000, Avupalli with 20,000 people from 160 villages, and at a few other places. “Never in the history had Bastar seen such huge meetings and rallies in the tehsil towns” wrote the local press.

In Malkangiri town in Orissa, a I 0,000-strong rally was held under the banner of Gona Andolan Jakth Front (GAJF) in Nov.97 itself.

Rajnandgaon and Balaghat districts of MP have been the worst hit by famine. It was the most severe in 50 years and over 90 % of the land affected was due to drought. The people could not get even 15-20 % of their crop. There were no seeds, for the next sowing. With the initiative of the DAKMS and KAMS, a front by name “Akal Peedith Jana Sangathana” (APJS) was formed which mobilised 10,000 people to a rally to Chui Khadan.

In Gadchiroli district, “Famine Prevention Committee” was formed which held several rallies and meetings. In Dhanora, Korchi and Kurked, they demonstrated near the Tehsitdar’s office in January and held marches in Ahiri, Etapalli, Bhamragadh and Dhanora in March’ 98. Around 4000 people marched for 7 km and held a rally and meeting in Allapalli town. A rally was organised for the third time in Dhanora in April. Rallies were also held in North Bastar division.

All these rallies, in which the adivasi peasantry participated in thousands helped in exposing the governments anti-people policies as well as to raise their collective fighting spirit and consciousness that they have to stand ‘on their ‘own legs to achieve their demands. Rejection of the Parliamentary farce by the adivasis. In the 12th Lok Sabha elections in Feb. 1998, the adivasis under the leadership of the DAKMS and the KAMS, took up an extensive campaign throughout the 60 Parliamentary constituencies of Dandakranya urging the people to boycott the elections, reject the anti-people parliamentary institutions and to establish their own organs of democratic people’s power in every village.

In South Bastar division alone over 50 propaganda teams campaigned for a week prior to the election in Feb.1998. Several public meetings were held exposing the parliamentry farce in which thousands of people participated. The response to the boycott election campaign was tremendous. Thousands of people in every range participated in the rallies and meetings organised by the DAKMS and KAMS. And finally, the actual voting in many villages of Dandakaranya showed the irrelevance of the election for the people.

In Kunta area in South Bastar, not a single vote was polled in 41 villages. In the entire area itself, there was hardly 5% polling according to media reports. In North Bastar, in 22 villages in Koyalbeda area, 10 villages in Kondagaon area, 6 villages in Keshkal area, totally in 38 villages, there was total boycott and in another 50 villages less than a dozen votes were polled. In another 16 polling stations in Abujmabad in North Bastar, the votes polled ranged between 4 and 20. In the entire area there was only 18% polling. In Bastar Parliamentary constituency as a whole, 27% votes were polled – the least in the country.

In Gadchirolli district, 40 special reserve police camps and 15 CRPF companies were deployed in addition to the existing 40 Police stations. A total of 6,000 armed police were deployed in the district during the election, who conducted extensive combing operations in the forests. In spite of this massive police operation, no political leader ventured into the rural areas of Gadchirolli to campaign during the election. The success of the election boycott campaign in Dandakaranya and the active involvement of the masses in the campaign points to the favourable situation for establishing the alternative institutions of people’s power which have already began to operate in scores of villages in the guerilla zone.

Successful struggle of the tendu-leaf workers

Forest produce is an important source of liveli-hood for the adivasis of Dandakaranya. And the most important of these is tendu leaf. Every summer thousands of adivasis through out Dandakaranya engage themselves in tendu leaf picking without which the very survival of the adivasis is at stake. And ever since the CPI(ML)[People’s War] entered Dandakaranya 18 years ago, the adivasis have been waging struggles for increase in the wages for tendu leaf picking.

In 1981-82, in Gadchiroli district, only three paise was paid as wage for 7~leaf bundle. In Bastar it was 2-3 paise for 50-leaf bundle. Through their resolute and collective struggle over the years, they were able to enhance the wages several times more.

In the summer of 1998, the adivasis organised themselves into “tendu leaf workers struggle committees” in about 1000 villages in Gadchiroli and Bhandara districts and went on strike demanding increase in wages for leaf picking and curing.Bowing to the resolute determination of the adivasis the government announced a rate of 66l/2 paise per bundle. The people could however secure a rate of 135 paise per bundle from the contractors. The Gadchiroli and Bhandara adivasis, by achieving perhaps the highest rate for tendu leaf picking in the country,defying severe state repression, have shown that united, relentless struggle can achieve anything.

In Kanker, Dantewara, Bastar, Rajnandgaon and Balaghat, the Madhya Pradesh government froze the tendu leaf picking rates in spite of the increase in the market rates of tendu leaf. The government even decided to forego the revenue from tendu leaf collection instead of giving in to the demands of the adivasis. It has proved itself to be a greater exploiter than the private contractors. Infuriated by this adamant attitude of the government, the families that are~ dependent on tendu leaf in these six districts, converged in the taluk centres in thousands and expressed their anger through rallies, meetings and demonstrations.

As part of this protest 10,000 people participated in a rally in Kunta town on March 19. Another 20,000 people participated in the rallies in the other range centres. In Rajnandgaon-Balaghat division and in South Bastar, people’s militia set on fife lakhs of rupees worth bamboo depots in protest. On April 7, a ‘bandh’ was organised in these six districts condemning the anti-people policies and repression unleashed on people’s movements by the MP government. The bandh was a great success and units of DAKMS, KAMS, KBS and people’s militia participated actively by digging up roads, blocking the roads with trees and boulders and such other methods. The MP government had to ultimately increase the tendu leaf rate to 45 paise per 50-leaf bundle due to people’s protest.

Observing Martyr’s Day in the midst of special police operations

In the midst of the combing operations and special counter-insurgency operations by the police and the paramilitary forces, the adivasi peasantry of Dandakaranyn has not only participated in several rallies against famines, land occupation struggles, tendu leaf struggles, boycott of election campaigns, bandhs, March 8 women’s day meetings, etc., but also in constructing stupams (columns) for their beloved martyrs and observing Martyrs’ Week from July 28 to August 4.

Inspite of this terror campaign the masses and guerilla squads celebrated Martyrs’ Day July 28 on a wide scale, though several operations such as Operation Indravati was launched to disrupt and foil the programmes. On July 28, tribals gathered at the Martyrs’ column built in the traditional manner by piling up big stones, in every village. They stuck posters of the Tallagudem martyrs’ and held brief functions ill memory of all the revolutionaries who laid down their lives for liberating the people. In Kunta and Basaguda areas, the squads with the help of surrounding villagers managed to get 15 feet high cement and brick memorial structures constructed in time for July 28. Meetings were conducted before the ‘Stupams’ jointly by the squads and the mass organisations in each of which between 1000 to 3000 villagers gathered. The police were unable to locate these new “Shahid Stupams”.

The police tried their best to foil the Martyrs’ Week. They confiscated the cement bags that were brought to construct a stupam near Bhopalapatnam. On July 28 they raided Gundem village and Iral village since they got information about stupams constructed earlier. In Gundem village they could not locate the stupam inspite of beating up some villagers. In Iral an informer brought them upto the stupam. – But the people and squads managed to retreat to the forest nearby. Infuriated the police burnt down the decorations and posters, but retreated after the militia fired on them. On August 4, they raided Pusnar village where a programme was planned. But the police party was ambushed by the squad on their way back. Though no one-was injured, the police fired indiscriminately for an hour while retreating. As part of this operation the police also staged a dummy attack on Tallagudem police station. The police attached to the police station fired continuously for several hours and then let out a cock and bull st6ry to the press that, “the police have bravely foiled one more raid on Tallagudem Police Station by over 50 armed Naxalites”! In the Martyrs’ programmes, where meetings were disrupted due to police raids, programmes were conducted a few days later. In the programmes homage was paid t6 revolutionary martyrs from AP, DK, to Comrade Charu Mazumdar and international communist fighters comrade Pol Pot and Mehmet Demirdag, General Secretary of the TKP/ML.

Special Police Operations-Growing Armed Resistance

The governments of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa have been making desperate attempts since long to supress the movement led by CPI(ML)[People’s War] in Dandakaranya. While the repression was heavy in Gadchiroh,~ Bhandara, Balaghat and North Bastar until 1997, it extended to South Bastar and Kalimela area of Orissa from the beginning of 1998 with the rapid growth of the revolutionary movement in these areas. And in June 1998, a Joint Co-ordination Centre was formed by the governments of these states along with the government of AP under the stewardship of the Home Minister-LK Advani.

With the formation of the Co-ordination Centre, repression has been let loose all over Dandadkranya in a more co-ordinated manner since June 1998. Following is a report of the enemy operations in South Bastar:

Repression in South Bastar

Initially the repression carried out was general, but from June 1998 it was extended in the form of specific operations launched simultaneously all over Bastar division. Prom June to August ’98, in the space of only three months came Operation Danteswari was followed by Operation Indravati and then Operation Vajra. The Deputy Superintendents of Police (DSPs) and Sub divisional Officers (Police) (SDPOs) are personally leading these operations relying mainly on the Special Armed Force (SAF) of the state police rather than the local police. Operation Danteswari and Operation Vajra aimed at creating a reign of terror among villagers, identifying and breaking the range shopkeepers, traders and others like lower level employees who are suspected of helping the squads by, for example, selling essentials etc. Operation Indravati was launched in the last week of July, to foil the Martyrs’ Day – July 28 – programmes.

The ruling classes are well aware of the growing mass base of the revolutionary movement in Bastar, particularly evident during the election when entire villages boycotted the elections and the South Bastar seat officially recorded the lowest turnout.

One of the main aims of this entire campaign of repression has been to identify the local mass leadership among the tribals and terrorise the weaker ones among them into becoming informers.

The government and their loyal servants, the police, are desperate to get authentic information on the movement of the guerilla squads, the range level organisation of-the DAKMS, and village units of the Gram Rakshak Dais (GRDs) and Gram Rajya Committees (GRCs). The DAKMS has been functioning illegally all along, and GRDs are totally secret units of people’s militia. Agitations have been conducted in which the tribal masses have participated in large numbers, led by DAKMS and KAMS, which the police could not prevent. The police have targeted villages suspected by them to be strongholds of the revolutionary movement. villages like Bhandarpalli (Aavpalli range) and Pusnar (Bijapur range) were raided upto six times in these six months. The police stormed into the houses of the mass organisation activists and destroyed their belongings. Bhandarpalli is the village to which Comrades Ramamurthy and Babanna, both of whom were martyred at Tallagudem on March 11, belonged. (Besides, Ramamurthy’s father, Chapa Laxmayya, had been the divisional committee president of the DAKMS, and had been taken away by the police and killed secretly by them in 1991). Babanna’s elder brother, Mallayya, a poor Dorla tribal peasant, was arrested by the police, falsely charged and sent off to jail in one 6f these raids.

The armed police swooping down on a village in a convoy of 6-7 jeeps or on motorcycles, parked themselves in the middle of the village and then let loose their reign of terror. Not only were the villagers indiscriminately beaten, but even their belongings including jewelry and money illegally snatched by the police. Specifically targeting the parents and or brothers of squad members, and the range committee members and their families, the police are attempting to demoralise the squad members and mass organisers and break the support of the families to the revolutionary movement. The police have stooped so low as to offer bribes to the brother of a range committee member (in Pamed range) to have him arrested or killed ! The state has made undisclosed sums of money freely available to crush the revolutionaries.

In the Madded-Kandlanar pocket which they could not reach by vehicles, the police, in a gang of about 30, armed with even LMGs marched by foot through the forest to several villages like Agipenta, Lodhed, Kotapalli, picked up villagers to take back with them. Significantly village women from Agipenta too followed them into the forest, accosted them and forced them to release the men. In this period, from May ’98, 35 villages in Gangalur and Bijapur ranges were looted and 25 people arrested. The raids went on almost uninterruptedly from March to the beginning of August ’98 in Madded and Aavpalli ranges. An estimate of Rs. one lakh has been illegally looted by the police in these two ranges alone.

Shopkeepers, panchayat representatives and lower level employees of the government too have not been, spared in this repression campaign. A few primary school teachers are among those arrested. After the killing of the SI of Pamed PS the vice-sarpanch, a shop keeper Chandrayya was arrested and so badly tortured that he had to be hospitalised. His ‘crime’ was that the ‘murder’ took place close to his shop!! Shopkeepers and traders from Bijapur, Bhopalapatnam, Chintalnar, Basaguda were interrogated, detained and even arrested. Some of them were severely beaten up on the charge of helping the squads. They had to pay hefty amounts to the police to get themselves released. One small shopkeeper from Ganganpalli village near Basaguda, had to spend more than Rs. 20,000 on bribes and bail, after his arrest. Even some hawkers, who peddled their wares going from village to village on cycles were not spared. Constables are being posted at the entrance of shops to check the customers, and regular checking of people on market days is going on. But- when a big trader of Bhopalapatnam was harassed by the police, the traders lobby finally stirred. The Bastar Chamber of Commerce called for a bandh on July 23 against police atrocities. Not only was the bandh successful in the towns, they also took out a rally to the Collector’s office in Jagdalpur on the same day.

South Bastar was reeling under a severe drought last year. The tribal peasantry suffering due to this drought has had to endure severe economic hardships due to this repression. Precious grain, stored for the lean months was destroyed in the raids, goats and hen have been stolen and they have had to cough up thousands of rupees to’ bribe the police to avoid being charged in specific cases. Each person has had to pay anything from Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 10,000. In Dantewada police district at least four lakh rupees have been ‘earned’ by the police illegally, while carrying out their campaign of repression. The people’s guerillas have heroically resisted this growing state repression by organising ambushes and. engaging in armed confrontations. Between February and October 1998,a total of 28 policemen including 6 officers, were annihilated and 39 policemen including three officers were wounded in the attacks by the guerillas in Dandakaranya. The details are as follows:

* In February 1998, a Sub-Inspector of Police was annihilated in Gadchiroli.

* In South Bastar, an Assistant Sub inspector of police and a head constable belonging to Oosur PS., were killed in a daring attack by an action team belonging to people’s militia on 18 May 1998

* On 19 June, an A.S.I. of Pamed P.S. in South Bastar was killed near the police station itself by the guerillas and the militia members.

* In Bhandrra-Balaghat division, when a police party led by an Additional Suptd. of Police fired on Paraswada guerilla squad of People’s War, the guerillas returned the fire killing the ASP RN Bansal and an ASI. The guerillas escaped unhurt.

* On 3 August, in an ambush laid by the guerillas of People’s War in Gadchiroli division, five policemen were wiped out.

*On October 10, in the land-mine ambush laid by the guerillas of People’s War, 16 policemen were wiped out while 15 others including a DySP and an SI were seriously injured.

During the same period, the guerillas lost 8 comrades:

five in the unsuccessful raid on Tallagudem PS in South Bastar in March 1998, two in an encounter in North Bastar, and one comrade in an encounter in Balaghat.

The armed resistance by the guerillas and the people’s militia and the fitting replies they had given to the special operations conducted by the enemy, have enthused not only the people of Dandakaranya but elsewhere in the country. Relying on the increasing support of the masses and involving them in struggles and armed resistance, the guerillas are certain to achieve greater victories and defeat the new offensive of the enemy against the revolutionary movement.

Landmine Hits One Cruel SI

ON 9.10.98, in Ike afternoon, SI of Chandurti police station was killed and 8 other policemen were seriously injured in a landmine blast planed by People’s War guerillas at Veernagutta forest of Karimnagar district. This SI was in the forefront of the combing operations in the preceding three months. He arrested and tortured several youth of Manala and other surrounding villages. Conducting raids on villages had become his routine affair. He also conducted ‘police duibars’ against the People’s War Party. On the night of 8.10.98 also he held a police durbar in Rudrangi village, in which he bitterly lashed out at People’s War party and threatened the people with dire consequences if they give food and-shelter to guerillas. The next day guerillas put an end to his ravings.

16 policemen wiped out in People’s War landmine blast On 7.10.98 morning at 10.30 A.M. People’s War guerillas wiped out 16 policemen and injured 15 others in a landmine ambush on Basuguda-Jagarguda Road of Dantewada district of Madhya Pradesh. The police were proceeding in two vehicles for combing operations when one of the vehicles was blasted to pieces, killing 16 policemen and injuring 15. After the blast, guerillas attacked the police convoy in which DSP of Gopolpatnam and SI of Madded were seriously injured.

Posted in Dandakaranya | Leave a Comment »

Report From MCCI 15 September 2004

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

Report for CCOMPOSA Bulletin


Since the last CCOMPOSA bulletin report, the armed agrarian revolutionary guerrilla war, that is, the protracted people’s war led by the MCCI, has touched a new level. It has accomplished a number of remarkable achievements. These achievements are related to various fields, particularly the military field. Some of the daring raids and ambushes, carried out by PLGA of the MCCI are really glaring. Most daring Saranda ambush of the PLGA forces on April 7, 2004 is one of them. It marked a new turning point in the revolutionary movement of India. In the same direction and as a part of serving this struggle MCCI also continue to mobilize the people on a massive scale on various political and other issues, including in support of the Jharkhand, Bihar, Andhra, Dandakaranya’s people’s struggle. Some of these mass struggles are also very important. Mobilization of the women masses, particularly down trodden sections of the society remains the special feature. But the most striking feature is that all these activities were carried out by facing and resisting the vicious repressive campaigns increasingly let loose by the police and Para-military forces of the ruling classes.

The people of the South Asian countries know that the Indian ruling classes increasingly guided and dictated by the imperialists, particularly the U.S. imperialists, have established a Joint Operational Command (JOC) comprising 9 states to suppress the NaxalbariMossad (notorious Israeli secret intelligence agency) supervised by FBI (notorious USDelhi. Actually the Indian ruling classes dictated by the imperialists, have declared a permanent war to exterminate the protracted people’s war, led by MCCI and CPI (ML) (PW) without declaring so. Indian ruling classes and their imperialist masters, particularly the US, have declared that these two Maoists parties as terrorists. When the actual fact is that it is they and their armed forces, which are acting as terrorists, and that too at the dictates of the imperialists, particularly the US imperialists, who are the biggest terrorist of the world. Change of government in Delhi has no longer changed this wicked scenario. In such a backdrop the advancement in the armed agrarian revolutionary guerrilla war i.e. the protracted people’s war led by MCCI is worth noting. movement. This notorious JOC has been constituted by taking top ranking police and civil officials of the 9 states and the central government. It is operating under the overall command of the central Govt. It has permanently deployed thousands of Para-military forces including Grey Hound type special commando forces on a permanent basis. All their borne expenditure will be incurred by the central Govt. itself. These forces are especially trained by intelligence agency) stationing in

Saranda counter-offensive – a new milestone

Saranda jungle again came to the limelight as an area of fast developing Red political struggle. This time again, the PLGA guerrilla forces of the MCCI successfully entrapped a large number of highly armed police and paramilitary forces in a daring ambush in Saranda5 pm near village Baliba situated in the Gua P.S. of west SinghbhumJharkhand. These police forces were led by SP Praveen Kumar. They were returning with half a dozen vehicles and their number was near about 70. When they reached the spot selected by the PLGA Guerrillas then the SP jeep and three other police vehicles were blown over through the land mines laid of by the PLA. At the same time many of the police forces were caught in the firing range of the Guerrilla forces. Thereafter intense battle also took place between the remaining police forces and the Guerrillas. This fierce fighting continued for more than an hour. But in this close and front to front fighting the enemy forces were forced to flee away. In this daring ambush and fierce fighting at least 29 policemen including the Nuvamundi P.S. in-charge Ram Sagar Singh were killed on the spot and near about two dozen policemen were seriously injured. Many policemen, including some of the injured fled away by hiding themselves through the thick jungle. In this daring ambush the PLGA Guerrilla captured near about three dozen weapons and a large number of ammunition from the police force. jungle on April 7, 2004. These forces were returning from a long range patrolling that was being conducted in search of MCCI led PLGA Guerrillas. But they themselves were entrapped by the Guerrillas at district of

This was the second largest but more daring ambush conducted by the PLGA guerrillas. No doubt the guerrilla forces have to pay some price also yet the nature of this battle raised the over all level of guerrilla war qualitatively. Most remarkable feature of this battle is that the fighting spirit and the planning capability of the PLGA guerrillas have touched a new level. Moreover, the people’s support and their active participation in various forms have considerably increased.

After the first major ambush by the PLGA Guerrillas conducted on 20th December, 2002 the ground situation in the Saranda jungle area has undergone a sea change. People of the area have been largely relieved from the exploitation and operation of the officers of the forest department. They have started ploughing large tracks of forest which was lying vacant previously because of the fear of forest officers. The movement of the police in smaller formation has stopped. They started moving only in large formation just as long range patrolling. Even the time of this patrolling has been decreased. After 2 pm they generally start retreating to their camps on headquarter. Police forces from the smaller out posts have been largely withdrawn. After their retreat PLGA guerrillas continue to control the area. That is why the people heaved a sigh of a relief under their surveillance.

People are organizing themselves in the revolutionary peasant committees. These committees are emerging as an embryonic form of new democratic people’s political power centers in the villages. These peasant committees are being organized, helped and led by MCCI. These committees helped the people in organizing and developing the production along with raising their livelihood. A large number of people are coming forward in organizing themselves in people’s militia and local guerrilla squads to protect themselves and the people in general. All these activities of the people are in turn helping in strengthening and enlarging the PLGA guerrilla forces, thereby laying a more and more fertile ground for advancing and raising the level of armed agrarian guerrilla war. The Saranda movement is one of the major outcomes of this overall development. The formation of PLGA has reached the level to platoon then to company. Moreover, a considerable number of women are coming forward to join the PLGA and even the party. Women organization is also developing speedily.

As a whole, the April, 2004 Saranda movement has emphatically pointed out that the red political struggle of Saranda has reached to a new height. This movement is the indication of counter-offensive by guerrilla forces in this stage of strategic defense. Just before this the people’s war led by the PW has also reached to a new height with the Koraput raid conducted by the PGA on February 6, 2004. In this raid PGA guerrilla simultaneously captured not only the Koraput district headquarter in Orrisa but also nine other P.S. and captured at least 510 weapons along with 20, 000 ammunition. This military action has proved to be a historic action.

These struggles are directly concentrated on both the question of land and political power. Saranda struggle is developing as a part of the over all armed agrarian revolutionary struggle in the form of protracted people’s war developing in Jharkhand, Bihar and their adjoining areas. These struggles along with the Saranda struggle are directed against imperialism, feudalism and the comprador bureaucrat capitalism i.e. against neo-colonial type of semi-colonial semi-feudal ruling system. As a result, this struggling area is fast emerging as a new and shining area of red political struggle in the Indian landscape. The lofty aim of developing PLGA into full-fledged PLA and the establishment of red base areas by developing the guerrilla zones and guerrilla bases is not far off. Saranda movement has already highlighted this message in the air.

Assam struggle – a new beginning .

Recently a daring raid conducted by the PLGA guerrillas of the MCCI in Kamrup district of lower Assam highlighted the fact that a new area of red political struggle is emerging on the surface in Assam. This raid was conducted by the PLGA guerrillas on 7th January, 2004 in the jungle area of Palashban of Kamrup district. In this raid the guerrilla overpowered a police camp of the forest protection force situated in the beat office of the forest department and thereby forced the police to surrender. Thereafter, the PLGA guerrillas captured 4 rifles, one Stengun, one wireless set and 150 rounds of ammunition along with Rs. 11,000. This daring raid was conducted by the PLGA guerrillas led by the lower Assam Zonal Committee of the MCCI after a thorough investigation and comprehensive planning. In this raid, in addition to the local guerrillas and local militia forces, a section of the people also were also active.

Importance of this daring raid lies in the fact that it is a historic one.

It opened a new chapter in the history of people’s struggle for their momentum and dignity. It has also drawn a clear line of demarcation with genuine and fake revolutionaries in the form of indication of a new path before the struggling people. Another important aspect of this raid is that it has caused a new kind of reverberations among the genuine and creative elements operating in this nationalities movements.

Today, the people of Assam, Tripura and whole of the North-East are reacting under the extremes from exploitation, oppression and repression of the Indian ruling classes and their imperialist masters. That is why, the malady of hunger, unemployment, backwardness and diseases are prevalent every where. That is why, they are continuing their struggles for a long time against these maladies and for their dignity and also for self-determination. They have earned a rich experience at the cost of lots of blood. Despite all this, the task of developing and maintaining the armed agrarian revolutionary guerrilla war against imperialism and feudalism with this clear direction of developing a sustaining the red army and base area is still remaining a most pressing task. Moreover, this area is one of the crucial strategic area for advancing the PPW. Hence MCCI continue to give added attention toward developing such a struggle in this area from the very beginning. That is why, it sent some developed cadres to this area in early 1970 also. These cadres tried to develop such a struggle but could not. There after MCCI started again its wish starting with 1987 and continued it by learning from this. But MCCI had to pay the price by loosing two comrades in this attempt. Comrade Nripender and Com. Hirender lost their precious lives. There after MCCI again took up this task and started its work in 1989. This time the previous experience gained at the cost of blood was taken into account.

This time work was started against the usurious and feudal exploitation and oppression along with oppression of the forest department. Secret methods of mobilizing and organizing the people were observed from the very beginning. While mobilizing the people on class line all efforts were made to link the nationality aspirations and the questions of their dignity and self-respect along with their distinct cultural sentiments and the question of self–determination with the armed agrarian revolutionary guerrilla war. Various other issues of social oppression particularly the feudal oppression of women were also taken in mobilizing the people. In this way MCCI succeeded in developing the armed agrarian revolutionary guerrilla struggle by keeping patience and thorough arduous work. Hence the party and guerrilla forces started emerging from the Assamese soil itself. But as these struggle started taking a definite shape the state and Goonda forces (indeed and abetted by the police) reached with all that might. In this offensive Comrade Mohal lost his life in 2001. But this time this murder was revenged very soon. That is why the people’s confidence in advancing their struggle was further strengthened. The process of organizing the peasant masses in the revolutionary peasant committee added its slogan “land to the real tiller and political power to the RPC” is gaining moments. Not only this but various other mass organizations and struggles are also being developed on various political and other issues.

North Bihar: Daring red on Simrahni police camp

On July13, 2004, PLGA guerrillas of the MCCI carried on another most daring raid on Simrahni police camp in Gobriah PS of west Champaran district. This police camp was recently established by the reactionary ruling class to conduct their suppressive and repressive campaigns to exterminate the revolutionary people’s movement led by MCCI. The most significant aspect of this daring raid is that PLGA guerrillas forced the police and paramilitary forces to surrender after three hours intense battle. Thereby they captured all their weapons, i.e. 7 SLRs, 5 Rifles, 1 Carbine, 2 Stenguns and hundreds of rounds of ammunitions. PLGA guerrillas also captured their uniforms including other materials. Another important aspect of this raid is that PLGA guerrillas left all the captured policemen free and even a preliminary treatment to the injured, only after patiently educating them that they should stop acting as a pawn in the hands of the reactionary ruling classes to suppress the revolutionary ruling classes rather they should come forward in helping and even joining their class brothers who are advancing the revolutionary movement. On the whole this daring raid proved to be another shining achievement of MCCI particularly in threatening the enemy’s encirclement and suppression campaign in the concerned area.

North Bihar is fastly developing as another most important struggling area of the MCCI where armed agrarian revolutionary guerrilla war, that is, the protracted people’s war is developing by achieving one victory after another. Before this daring raid, PLGA guerrillas conducted a number of other exemplary raids against police and wiped feudal lords. During these raids they succeeded in capturing dozens of weapons from them, including the property of the feudal landlords. One such raid was conducted against a notorious feudal lord Ram Kumar of V. Mahmidy in Patahi PS East Champaran. Another such raid was conducted against another notorious feudal lord Vijay Singh in Loharia PS of West Champaran. Recently three important comrades of PLGA led by MCCI were martyred. Thereafter in April 2004 the PLGA guerrillas raided the notorious feudal lord and head of the village Rampur Barhi in Sitamani district and beheaded him.

Along with this the PLGA guerrillas of the MCCI have conducted a number of successful raids against the Police outposts one of such raids was conducted at Pehgal Bazaar police camp in Dharbhanga district. Another one was conducted on Dehudi Dham Police camp in Shubham district. Both these successful raids have been conducted in the last two years and near about two dozen weapons were captured during those raids.

o In the second week of May, several Platoons of the PLGA conducted another daring raid on the Simra Thana of Aurangabad7 pm. This raid was conducted because the Thana in-charge was continuingly harassing and repressing the people. PLGA guerrilla encircled the Thana and thereby forced the Thana in-charge to surrender. Guerrillas snatched their weapons and other materials including ammunitions and two motorcycles there after set the Thana building on fire. They also detonated the new Thana building and then blasted it away. district at

o In April 28 PLGA guerrillas conducted a big raid and encircled four villages at a time situated in Dumaria Thana area of GayaRanvir Sena activities. After encircling these villages PLGA guerrillas snatched more than 20 licensed Rifles from the known Sunlight Sena goons. Thereby MCCI guerrillas implemented and realized the slogan “Disarm the enemy forces and arm the people”. district. These villages were center of

o PLGA guerrillas also conducted another raid in Adai village of Gaya district on March 12. This village continues to be a stronghold of Ranvir Sena’s activities since the last period. Some of the notorious Sena men had killed six people belonging to the poor and landless masses. Hence the guerrillas killed two notorious goons of the Sena and seriously injured three others. Thereafter, the Sena goons including the police force mercilessly bit the village poor, looted their houses and forced them to flee away from the village. On April 25, PLGA guerrillas immediately retaliated to this wicked event and encircled the village Adai at 10 am. Thereafter, intense fight continued between the guerrillas and Ranveer Sena goons up to 4 pm. Thousands of people of these area actively helped the guerrillas and hence did not allow the police force to enter Adai up to 7 pm. by encircling it from all sides ranging up to 9 km. Police was allowed to enter only when the guerrillas successfully carried out their tasks and moved away. In this raid, four reactionary Ranvir Sena goons were killed on the spot.

o In another daring raid on September 16, PLGA guerrillas of MCCI seized an explosive centre of the CCL of Toyra forest of TopaKuju police station of Hazaribag district and captured four boxes of detonators, in each having one thousand pieces. And on the very day another PL of guerrillas, along with local people raided a godown of Sudam Pandey, a wholesaler of consumer goods and food grains, captured commodities amounting to over 50 Lakhs of Rupees and distributed those among the poor and landless peasants. under

o 23rd March – Martyr’s Day celebrated: MCCI continue to celebrate 23rd March as martyrs Day for the last many years. MCCI celebrate this Day by linking it with not only great martyrs Bhagat Singh but also all the martyrs of the revolutionary movements. This year a huge mass rally was organized at the Sasaram Railway ground of the Rohtas district headquarter. Thousands of the people belonging to students, youths, intellectuals including people from the surrounding areas from the Kaimur range participated in it on a massive scale. The speaker of this rally highlighted the unfinished revolutionary aim and aspiration of the martyrs and pointed out the way to realize those aims. They also pointed out that continuing the revolutionary movement for building a New Democratic India will be the real homage to the martyrs. Such programs were held at various places in Bihar, Jharkhand, Punjab and some other places. In Punjab at least a week long campaign was lunched to celebrate this day, during which big function was held at six places in different districts.

o Election-boycott campaign: During the last 14th parliamentary election a big mass campaign was organized by the MCCI and its supporter mass organizations throughout the country particularly in Bihar, Jharkhand and Bengal. Lakhs of leaflet and posters were published and distributed on a massive scale. An extensive week-long election boycott campaign was organized to highlight the revolutionary politics and projected a real revolutionary alternative before the people. During this campaign thousands of the people participated in the meetings, rallies and other functions. They also highlighted that building of election boycott campaign is a democratic right of the people. Elections can only change the face of ruler but not their exploitative and sanguinary rule, which can be overthrown only by the armed agrarian revolutionary war, that is, the protracted people’s war. This campaign not only helped in spreading the revolutionary politics but also helped in exposing the parliamentary parties and parliamentary politics to a great extent.

As a result of this campaign a vast section of the masses actively boycotted the election at various places. Most important aspect of this campaign was that all the ruling parties were exposed by focusing attention on the BJP-led rulers, and advancement of the protracted people’s war in Jharkhand, Andhra, Bihar and Dandakaranya was highlighted as the only viable alternative to it before the Indian people.

In addition to these daring raids, MCCI continue to mobilize vast masses of people in various mass activities against police repression and political and other important programs in support of the revolutionary movement from time to time. This mobilization has been carried out not only in this more advanced struggling area but also in all other areas. All these mass activities continue to be conducted from different mass organizations; including by constituting joint mass platforms with different political forces. At some occasions and on some important issues both MCCI and PW joined hands in mobilizing the masses. Some of these mass struggles and mass activities pursued to be most glaring and exemplary. Mobilization of the vast women masses by the revolutionary women organization set another most glaring example.

Some of these mass activities are worth mentioning. On Jan 5, 2004 both the MCCI and PW organized a huge mass rally and demonstration in Ranchi against the vicious episode of Lango village. In this vicious episode numbers of PGA guerrillas of the PW were killed by the police through enacting a wicked conspiracy. Thereafter, both the MCCI and PW jointly organized Bandh (General shutdown) on Feb 29, 2004 in their advanced struggling areas along with organizing rallies and demonstrations all over India on the issues of death sentences, Pota, state repression and against the arrest of Comrade Gaurav of the CPN (Maoist). This Bandh proved to be very successful particularly in Jharkhand and Bihar. Successful rallies and demonstrations were held in Delhi and Punjab. At both the places MCCI supporters participated in large numbers. In Delhi this rally was organized on March 21. On this issue a week long program was organized in Rajasthan, particularly at Jaipur and Kota, during which large number of workers, students and other people participated. These mass activities were carried out in W. Bengal also.

March 8 — International Women’s day was celebrated by organizing huge mass rallies by the revolutionary movement organization at various places in Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhatisgarh and Punjab. Thousands of women particularly from the downtrodden sections of the society, participated in these rallies. These rallies were held at Gaya, Muzaffarpur Sarguguza and Darva of Garba and in Zira village (PB). During these rallies women masses expressed their anger and wrath against the exploitation and oppression of imperialist feudal state system and also the oppression of women by the male-dominated society.

Apart from these major mass activities, MCCI continue to mobilize masses, particularly the peasant masses through the RPC. These RPC continue to mobilize the masses not only for land and political power but also on various issues including those related with the well being of the masses themselves. In Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, W. Bengal, Orissa, Assam and some other places RPCs have been organized. In Jharkhand and Bihar alone, such RPCs are holding their say and are capable in organizing thousands of people in more than 600 villages. They are emerging and developing as an embryonic center of New political power.

Taken as a whole MCCI continue to give added attention in mobilizing the most masses in various mass struggles and through various mass organizations, including trying its best in developing the revolutionary united Front through armed struggle and for armed struggle. While organizing all such mass activities MCCI always keep this Maoist principle strict in the forefront.

In carrying out all the military and mass activities MCCI actively continue to advance the armed agrarian revolutionary Guerrilla war, that is, the PPW as a centre of gravity of all its activities including in mobilizing and organizing the masses on various political and other mass issues. This can also be clearly seen from the report the activities listed here.


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Press Statement Of CCOMPOSA July 19, 2004

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

Press Statement Of CCOMPOSA

The CCOMPOSA strongly condemns the growing interference of US imperialism in South Asia in collaboration with the respective governments of the region. They are particularly using the Indian expansionist rulers as their major tool in South Asia to suppress the people’s movements, particularly those led by the Maoists. This is part of the US’s aggressive designs worldwide, particularly its intervention and occupation of Iraq and Afganistan.

The US imperialist first declared the CPN (Maoist) as a ‘terrorist’ organization and then the MCCI and CPI (ML) (PW). This amounts to a gross interference and the internal affairs of the respective courtiers of South Asia. The Indian expansionists have been acting as a major tool to suppress these revolutionary struggles- whether by the earlier BJP government or the present Congress coalition government.

The new Congress government immediately after coming to power, within a week, sent its foreign minister to Nepal on a 3-day visit, where he barked ferociously against the Maoists. The government simultaneously gave two helicopters to Nepal, that were used in KargilRs. 3 cores of weapons and cash to suppress the Maoists. Also, in two major covert operations the new congress government arrested 11 leaders of the CPN (Maoists) in Patana, including 2 PBMs and 3 CCMs and in Warangal district of AP killed two comrades and seriously injured three, including the Warangal district secretary of the CPI (ML) (PW). Also, 5 comrades of the MCCI are still facing the death sentence and 3200 people have been arrested under POTA only in the Jharkhand region. war, plus over

We, the Maoists of South Asia strongly condemn these attacks and demand the unconditional release of all Nepalese comrades in Indian prisons including standing committee member, com. Kiran and, PBM com. Gaurav. We also demand the unconditional release of all political prisons in the respective countries of South Asia, and the committing of the death sentence on the 5 comrades. We also demand the repeal of POTA.

We warn that if the US imperialists and Indian expansionists persist in their anti-people policies in the region, the people of South Asia will rise in revolt against these reactionaries and their agents throughout the region.



standing committee

-Co-ordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA)

1)PBSP (CC) ] Bangladesh]

2)PBSP(MPK) [Bangladesh]

3)BSD(ML) [Bangladesh]

4)CPEB (M ) Red Flag [Bangladesh]

5)CPC (Maoist) [Srilanka]

6)MCCI (India)

7)CPI-ML (PW) [India]

8)CPI -ML (Naxalbari) [India]

9)RCCI (MLM) [ India]

10CPN (Maoist) [Nepal]

July 19, 2004

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BHUTAN: Distribution of Maoist document in refugee camps: should be cause for concern.

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

by Dr. S. Chandrasekharan

In the name of Bhutan Communist Party of Bhutan, a detailed but well written document has been in circulation in all the refugee camps of Nepal.

Some excerpts including the ten point demand are given below.

The revolutionary International Movement (RIM) and the worldwide warring communist groups, which are affiliated with the “RIM” and other revolutionary communist parties, have a leading role. In the context of Bhutan, an active communist party under a dynamic leadership, following the bright path of Marxism, Leninism and Maoism is waging the long-term peoples’ war, for the establishment of Peoples’ Democracy, if necessary.

…..For the establishment of democracy and human rights in Bhutan, a number of parties and organizations were formed and struggled in their own way and some of them have been still struggling. But in conclusion, there are no solid and productive consequences of their struggle, even though we should not suspect on their struggle and determination. However, due to their wrong and illusive outlook towards sources, causes and effects of the problems, the line of their struggles was misguided. Without the scientific thoughts there will not be true solution of any problem. The present scientific philosophy and principles are no other than Marxism, Leninism, and Maoism. Therefore being equipped with the spirit of guiding principle of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and following the minimum policies and programmes of the new democracy with the aim of accomplishing the new principles’ revolution in a long term peoples’ war, determined to reach the final goal of communism via socialism, we declare our great glorious Bhutan Communist Party at this juncture.

Demands for the Peasant Brothers and Sisters:

1. Bhutan Government must declare sovereign democracy and guarantee people’s rights and freedoms.

2. Bhutan Government must repatriate all its citizens with dignity and honor.

3. Bhutan Government must guarantee with acceptance in principle of right to self-determination.

4. Following the principle of “Land for the people”, distribute the lands to poor peasants and landless farmers.

5. Bhutan Government must fix the minimum wage of Nu. 150/- per day. Also the emergency fund for forthcoming catastrophe, health insurance and shelter must be guaranteed.

6. Guarantee all fundamental rights of women and equal judgment.

7. Bhutan Government must guarantee cost free education and employment.

8. Guarantee democratic and employment oriented education.

9. Do away with all the draconian laws and acts reconstruct new democratic laws and constitution.

10. Guarantee the freedom of Speech, Press, freedom to travel within the territory of country.


Down with! Monarchy

Down with! Feudalism, Imperialism, Expansionanism

Long live! Peasant’s movement of Bhutan

Long live! Our unity in the world communist movement

Long live! Proletariat’s internationalism

Long live! Marxism, Leninism, Maoism

Long live! Unity of all the exploited racial and linguistic community of Bhutan

Be United! Patriotic, Democratic and Leftist forces

Long live! Bhutan Communist Party of Bhutan

This document is purported to have been issued after a meeting of the party that took place on 22nd April at Siliguri. The place Siliguri, it may be recalled was the venue chosen by the leftist parties to meet Prachanda Chairman of CPN (ML. Maoist) of Nepal in the middle of August 2001 and 22nd April happens to be the birth anniversary of Lenin.

Nepal Samacharpatra daily has reported that an appeal in the name of Bhutanese Communist Party (Marxist Leninist) in circulation has an anti Indian content. Accusing the Bhutanese regime of going down the path of “Sikkimization” and selling out to India on vital issues, the Maoists have urged the people to involve themselves for a long term people’s war and that the party will adopt the strategy of taking over villages and encircling the towns. It has urged India to cooperate fruitfully in repatriating the refugees and that it is opposed to ethnic cleansing and discrimination. One of the objectives of the Party is said to be the overthrow of monarchy in Bhutan.

This document should be a cause for concern firstly to the refugee leaders who have in the last twelve years have avoided the temptation of politicising the refugee issue, secondly to India and the monarchy in Bhutan. The leaders in the camps despite the tardy approach in verification and repatriation had managed to keep the frustration of the younger elements of the camps within reasonable control. Any politicisation and that too by an extremist group will be a major set back to the cause of the refugees as only now there are some perceptible though slow moves towards repatriation.

In our earlier updates we have mentioned the danger of the youths joining the Maoists.

In our update of 16, we have reported the following.

The Maoists and the Refugees: Despite the propaganda of Kuensel and the chorus one sees in the National assembly proceedings in Bhutan, the Bhutanese in the camps indulge in no political activity. There are signs that this situation may soon change as there are too many frustrated youths now who have no employment and are uncertain of their future. Some disturbing trends are

* The regions surrounding the seven camps are all hot beds of communist activity.

* Till last year UNHCR through Caritas were funding the higher education of students who pass the tenth standard. From this year this has been stopped. These youths have nothing to do and are good material for extremist activities.

* Some of the teachers from the camps who found jobs outside the camps have been forced to return to the camps by the Maoists who of late have become very active in Jhapa once again. Probably the Maoists want a quid pro quo for allowing the teachers to teach outside.

* There is an unconfirmed information that over two hundred youths have joined the Maoists. The figure is a little high but it is certain that more than fifty have joined the Maoist ranks and more are likely to join. By this, youths get training and soon many elders may come to think that it will be an asset later.

In our update of 17 we had this to say.

The Maoists are looking for recruits amongst refugees: In our last update we had mentioned that youths of the camps numbering more than fifty have joined the Maoist ranks and more are likely to join. We have since received information that the youths in camps at Goldhop and Beldangi are being forced to join their ranks. The Maoists representatives are telling the youths that they are wasting their time doing nothing and that they should join the movement. A few clashes have taken place near these camps. It is a question of time before more youths join. Even if the youths do not stay for long with the Maoists they would get necessary arms training, an experience which in the long run is not good for either Nepal or Bhutan or even India.

It is therefore not surprising and quite possible that with the cease fire in Nepal in place, the Maoists could be targeting Bhutan. This should be cause for concern for India too. For too long, the Indian government pretended as if it had nothing to do with the Bhutanese refugees over 100,000 in number languishing in eastern Nepal. It took the stand that it was a bilateral problem to be settled by the two countries though both had special relations with India. It would have been in India’s interest to settle the problem early and it is still not too late.

One could be tempted to point an accusing finger at King of Bhutan as he could use it to freeze all moves towards repatriation. But it looks that there is a serious attempt of Maoists to repeat Nepal in Bhutan. It is upto the refugee leaders in Nepal, the Bhutan King and India to ensure that the current move of some of the misguided elements in the camps is nipped in the bud.

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Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007


Bhutan is one of the most backward, undevelopment and poor country among the poorest countries of south-Asia. Eventhough, it is rich enough in its geo-natural and human-resources, the nature of semi-feudalism and semi-colonialism have adversely affected its development. The very reason behind it is the monarchy, which has been controlled by the Wangchuk dynasty for the last 96 years.

More than 75% illiterate, poverty striken, ill health, jobless and corrupted Bhutan’s maximum property is being divided among the Wangchuk families . The foreign aids received in the name of people and nation building activities are not only misused in the eviction process, buying cars and constructing private assets but also misused in the activities which endangers the existence of our nation as a whole.

Even the Sherchops, who are next to Nepali origine Bhutanese according to population, as well as khengpas, kurtekpas, Doyas, Brokpas, Layaps, Drakpas and Uraons-mundas who are Indian origine Bhutanese, are all oppressed and exploited very badly.

Educational Freedoms, Freedom of speech and publications are ruthlessly violated and all kinds of democratic and civil rights are suppressed through secret murder, imprisonment and torture, state terror and so on . The burning example for this is the Bhutanese refugee crisis.

Neither the existance of human rights nor the installation of civil rights are possible without smashing the monarchy in Bhutan. In reality, it is impossible to promote any rights and justice in this situation. Hence, the true enemy of the people of Bhutan is the Wangchuk dynasty and its despotic regime which serves as the compredor of Bhutanese feudalism, Indian expansionism and the emperialism as a whole. A true and new democracy can be established only after smashing the monarchy in Bhutan.

In this context, it is crystal clear that the New Democratic Revolution is the historical necessity of the hour to solve all kinds of crisis of semi-feudalist and semi-colonial Bhutan. Hence, on this auspicious occasion of the 133rd Lenin Day, with countrywide postering, pamphleting, wall-painting and hosting the proliteriat international red flag marked with sickle-hammer including Thimpu-the capital city of Bhutan, we proudly proclaim the declaration of Bhutan Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) to wage the new democratic revolution in the soil of Bhutan and take oath to reach the classless society via socialism by waging anti-feudalist, anti-emperialist peasant revolution through the new democratic revolution in Bhutan.

Therefore, Bhutan Communist Party (MLM) requests all the Bhutanese workers, peasants, bussinessmen, employee, students, youths, teachers, writers, intellectuals and the civilians to accept its appeal and call and to help physically, morally and economically in the struggle.

Bhutan Communist Party (MLM) also requests the international communities, on behalf of the oppressed Bhutanese masses, not to help the autocratic regime of Wangchuk dynasty but cxtend their support towards Bhutan Communist Party (MLM) which is fighting in the forefront struggle of democracy, civil and human rights in the democratic struggle of Bhutan.

22nd April,03

Lenin Day


general secretary

Central Organising Committee

Bhutan Communist Party (MLM)

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Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

This document is for archive



The Central Committees of CPI(M-L)[People’s War] and CPI(M-L)[Party Unity] after a week-long bilateral meeting in August,1998 resolved to merge their respective organisations into a single, unified Party with immediate effect.

The new Party shall henceforth be known as CPI(M-L)[People’s War] and shall be guided by newly constituted Central Committee.

The merger of the two parties is the culmination of the unity process which began in March ’93 and continued for over five years during which differences on several political, ideological and organisational questions were resolved through thread-bare discussion. The new party adopted the Party Programme and Constitution, Strategy and Tactics and Political Resolutions as its basic documents.

Both CPI(M-L)[PW] and CPI(M-L)[PU] have their origins in the CPI(M-L) formed in 1969 under the leadership of our beloved leader Comrade Charu Majumdar. The CPI(M-L) itself is the continuation of the all that is revolutionary in the Indian Communist movement and the inheritor of the glorious Telengana, Tebhaga, Punapra-Vayalar and other revolutionary struggles. It is the direct product of the glorious Naxalbari struggle.

Both CPI(M-L)[PW] and CPI(M-L)[PU] have continued the revolutionary legacy of glorious Naxalbari, Srikakulam, Birbhum, Debra-Gopiballavpur, Mushahari and Bhojpur struggles, consistently adhered to the correct revolutionary line of the 8th Congress of the Party held in 1970 and fought against both right and left opportunist trends that appeared in the Marxist-Leninist movement following the setback in 1972. The two Parties have been leading class struggles in various parts of the country, particularly armed struggles in Andhra Pradesh, North Telengana, Bihar and Dandakaranya for almost two decades. Both the Parties have consistently rejected the farce of the Parliamentary democracy and unequivocally stood for boycott of Parliamentary elections. Both believe that it is only through the path of Protracted People’s War and area-wise seizure of political power that we can achieve victory in the ongoing New Democratic Revolution in India, liberate our motherland from the stranglehold of feudalism and imperialism, ensure the various nationalities in the country, right to self determination including the right to secession and establish voluntary Union of Peoples democratic republics of India as a first step which will be transformed into a Union of Socialist Republics of India in course of time.

Both Parties firmly believe that communism is the only alternative before Mankind and that the only gifts the decrepit, moribund, parasitic capitalism can give to Mankind are death and destruction, unemployment and disease, physical and intellectual slavery and degradation of all human values cherished by Mankind over centuries of its existence. The past 150 years since the clarion call given by the path breaking Communist Manifesto have given us immense experiences in making revolution and building socialism. Taking lessons from these rich experiences and guided by Marxism-Leninism-Mao thought, we do believe, we can build socialism on even stronger foundations, check the restoration of capitalism and advance towards communism. We once again affirm that it is communism and communism alone which can liberate Mankind from these miserable conditions of existence, save the Planet from extinction and herald the real dawn of history.

The merger of the two Parties has demonstrated that the objectivity of the present political situation will invariably lead to the regrouping of the revolutionary forces and further consolidation of the revolutionary camp in India.

The merger of the two Parties and emergence of a unified centre mark a turning point in the Indian revolution. This unity meets the aspirations of the broad masses of the people and the vast ranks of the revolutionary forces in the country and is in accordance with the objective needs of class struggle. It signifies a qualitative leap in the ongoing process of unification of genuine revolutionary forces in the country and will contribute significantly to advance the Indian revolution. In turn the unification of the two parties will also contribute to the advancement of the World socialist revolution of which the ongoing revolution in India forms an important component.

Coming at a time when the Indian ruling classes have launched a massive armed offensive against the revolutionary forces in India, which has been stepped up under the BJP led alliances at the Centre [BJP: Indian bourgeois party in power-ed.], the unification of the two Parties will aid the revolutionary forces to counter the enemy offensive more effectively. The merger of the two Parties and the formation of a unified centre is a fitting reply to the current moves of the enemy forces to launch a centralised, co-ordinated offensive against the revolutionary forces through the joint coordination constituted for the purpose.

Today the objective situation in the world is becoming more and more favourable for revolution. Imperialism is caught in its severest crisis since the Great Depression. In India too, never before had economic, social and political instability reached such a grave dimension since the transfer of the Power (1947). The credibility of the various Parliamentary parties including the revisionist parties as well as the system of so called Parliamentary democracy is at its lowest ebb. The vast masses are seeking a revolutionary alternative to resolve their problems. The working class, the broad masses of the peasantry, the oppressed nationalities, students, youths, women, adivasis, dalits, persecuted religious minorities and other sections of Indian people oppressed by feudalism, imperialism, and comprador bureaucratic capitalism are waging heroic struggles which have further intensified in the wake of the policies of liberalisation, privatisation, globalisation and other such policies initiated by the Indian ruling classes under the dictates of World Bank-I.M.F-W.T.O. combine particularly since 1991. We call upon the people of India to rally under the red revolutionary banner of the newly united Party to deal effective blows on feudalism, imperialism and comprador bureaucratic capital that are oppressing and exploiting them.

The emergence of the united Party — the Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)[People’s War] — does not mark the completion of the process of unification of the genuine communist revolutionary forces in India. The newly Unified Party will continue its efforts in right earnest to achieve this unification. We also call upon the other genuine revolutionary elements in the various M-L parties in India who are being led astray by both right and left opportunist leadership, to fight against these deviations and rally under the banner of the United Party. The United Party pledges itself to avenge the death of thousands of martyrs who fell in the course of the ongoing democratic revolution in India paved with blood by these martyrs until their cherished goals are accomplished. This is the era of Revolutions.

Dare to fight! Dare to win!

Ganapathy General Secretary CPI(ML) [Peoples War]

N. Prasad General Secretary CPI(ML) [Party Unity]

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The curse of manual scavenging

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 20, 2007

Despite laws banning dry latrines and the transport of human excreta, thousands of people still make their livelihood this way, sometimes even working in government departments. The social structure has also forced nearly all of this work on to Dalit women and girls. Sachin Kumar reports.

26 February 2005 – When Sumitra Bai left her parent’s home in Barotha village (Dewas district, Madhya Pradesh) and came to stay with her husband after marriage, she was full of dreams about her new life. But after a few days, she got a rude shock: she was asked to take up the family’s job of removing night soil from twenty-five affluent houses every day.

Sumitra is one of the many Dalits in the country who are manual scavengers. Manual scavenging involves removing human and animal excreta using brooms, small tin plates, and baskets that are carried on the head. Refusal to perform such tasks leads to physical abuse and social boycott.

A 2002 report prepared by the International Dalit Solidarity Network – which includes the Human Rights Watch (United States), Navsarjan, (Ahmedabad, Gujarat), and the National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights – says that the government estimates that there are one million Dalit manual scavengers in India. Manual scavengers are exposed to the most virulent forms of viral and bacterial infections that affect their skin, eyes, limbs, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Tuberculosis is rife among the community, according to the report.

Legally, cleaning of dry latrines and transporting of human excreta has been banned since 1993. Under the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993, the employment of scavengers or the construction of dry latrines (which are not connected to a drainage system) can result in imprisonment up to one year and/or a fine of Rs 2,000. Offenders are also liable to prosecution under the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. Despite such laws, manual scavenging continues.

In the absence of an adequate economic alternative, it is often seen that manual scavengers are not able to quit their degrading work. In MP, on an average, each family makes about Rs 500 per month by manual scavenging. Besides, they get old clothes and sweets during the festival season, or during special occasions in the village.

The survey revealed that 95 per cent of the manual scavengers are women and girls. Traditionally, women have been forced to follow this undignified occupation.

Our own schools

Social biases are a huge barrier to overcome. Initially, Sumitra refused to lift night soil on her head and tried hard to quit the job. She took a loan of Rs 20,000 with the help of social workers and set up a shop to sell cloth in the village. But the village community could not accept her new role and spread the rumour that she stocked cloth taken from the burial grounds. She sold nothing for three months and was forced to shut shop. After a year and a half of struggling, she accepted defeat and returned to manual scavenging.

There are many like Sumitra who, despite concerted efforts, cannot shake off the curse of being a lower caste and are forced into scavenging. International NGO ActionAid India’s random survey in 2002 of six states – Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Utter Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar – claimed that manual scavengers were found in at least 30,000 dry toilets. The scavengers belong to the Valmiki community and its sub-sects – Badhai, Charmkar, Barguda and Bherva. The survey found that they face severe discrimination even from other Dalits. Teashop owners in some villages still keep separate (often broken) utensils to serve Valmikis.

In 450 villages of Dewas, Panna, Hoshangabad, Shajapur, Harda, Mandsour, Bhind and Rajgarh district (all in MP), barbers refuse to give a hair cut to the Valmikis. Many have to spend Rs 75-100 (three days wages) to get a hair cut in some town, said the survey.

Most importantly, the survey revealed that 95 per cent of the manual scavengers are women and girls. Traditionally, women have been forced to follow this undignified occupation.

State governments often deny the existence of manual scavengers. Activists claim that although the resources including government funds exist for rehabilitation of scavengers, what is lacking is the political will to do so. The Indian government has spent Rs 6 crores in “liberating” and “rehabilitating” the manual scavengers since the mid-1990s. According to a survey, almost 94 per cent of village latrines in MP are dry. The MP government announced in 2003 that it would connect all dry latrines to a drainage system. But no concrete step has been taken so far.

Even government offices and buildings run dry toilets. And despite an active people’s movement against the practice, municipal offices recruit only Dalits to keep these lavatories clean.

Further, some of the initiatives taken up by the central government have misfired. For example, the welfare scheme offering educational scholarships (Rs 750 per child annually) to vulnerable families (those families involved in unclean occupations) has not been successful in MP. The scholarship stops the moment the family leaves manual scavenging – as they don’t come in the vulnerable category.

Thus, when three women of village Bissani of Panna district decided to quit scavenging, their children lost their scholarships. One of the affected, Anita Valmik, laments that with the scholarship she was at least able to buy books and clothes for her children. Now she has no work, no money and fears that her children’s future is dark.

Sachin Kumar

Facts and figures about atrocities on dalits

Every 18 minutes:

A crime is committed against a Dalit

Every day:

  • 3 Dalit women are raped
  • 2 Dalits are murdered & 2 Dalits Houses are burnt in India
  • 11 Dalits are beaten

Every week:

  • 13 Dalits are murdered
  • 5 Dalits home or possessions are burnt
  • 6 Dalits are kidnapped or abducted

Social and Economic condition of Dalits:

  • 37 percent of Dalits living below poverty in India
  • More than half (54%) of their children are undernourished in India
  • 83 per 1000 live birth children born in Dalit community are probability of dying before the first birthday
  • 45 percent of Dalits do not know read and write in India
  • Dalits women burden double discrimination (gender and caste) in India
  • Only 27 percent of Dalits women give institutional deliveries in India
  • About one third of Dalit households do not have basic facilities
  • Public health workers refused to visit Dalit homes in 33% of villages
  • Dalits were prevented from entering police station in 27.6% of villages
  • Dalit children had to sit separately while eating in 37.8% of Govt. schools
  • Dalits didn’t get mail delivered to their homes in 23.5% of villages
  • Dalits were denied access to water sources in 48.4% of villages because of segregation & untouchabilty practices
  • Half of India’s Dalit children are undernourished, 21% are severely underweight & 12% DIE before their 5 th birthday
  • Literacy rates for Dalit women are as low as 37.8% In Rural India

Status of Prevention of Atrocities Act:

  • The conviction rate under SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act is 15.71% and pendency is as high as 85.37%. This when the Act has strict provisions aimed as a deterrent. By contrast, conviction rate under IPC is over 40%

On actual crime committed against Dalits

“Even the reports prepared by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and placed before Parliament contain merely factual information received from States about registration and disposal of cases; various administrative arrangements made for the function of the Act and funds spent, without any meaningful analysis of the performance of the States which could form the basis for making corrective interventions.” “Under-reporting of Atrocities Act cases is a very common phenomenon and therefore the decline in the number of registered cases does not provide a true picture of the incidence of atrocities.”

“A large number of cases which deserve to be registered under Protection of Civil Rights Act or the SCs & STs (Prevention of Atrocities) Act are not actually registered under these Acts, either due to ignorance of law or under pressure from the interested parties. Investigations in even those limited number of cases is often earned out in a slipshod manner and with considerable delay.”

Source: National Human Rights Commission Report on the Prevention and Atrocities against Scheduled Castes

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