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Archive for September 18th, 2007


Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

On the occasion of the 37th Anniversary of Naxalbari:

May 23 -29: One-Week Joint Campaign against State Repression in South Asia !

After the September 11 event in USA, many heads of states in the Third World countries including weak imperialists and expansionists have become de-facto US ambassadors following the policies of the USA in their respective countries. So when it rains in USA it expects respective governments to use umbrellas in their respective countries. The best proof of these phenomena is the circulation of directives sent by the UN to promulgate anti-terrorist laws in the name of curbing terrorism in their respective countries under pressure of the USA. As a result promulgation of repressive measures such as POTA in India, TADA in Nepal and other similar measures in the rest of the countries in South Asia have come into existence after the September 11 episode. In fact the so-called right of pre-emptive strike by the USA on suspected countries which pose a threat to US interests seem to have encouraged the respective repressive governments all over the world to resort to pre-emptive raids, arrests, tortures, executions, ‘encounter killings’ etc against their own people in the name of ‘fighting against terrorism’. In the countries of South Asia, a storm centre of revolution, this phenomenon is taking place at a more rapid pace. This is taking place in the context of, and mainly in response to, the emerging waves of the Maoist movement in this region. As the people’s resistance increases so also are the tentacles of the USA and its stooge Indian expansionism spreading in SA more deeply.

In Nepal the TADA was immediately promulgated in addition to the state repression that has been going on since 1996 (the initiation of PW in Nepal). Today on an average 10 to 12 people are being killed daily in the name of ‘encounters’ with the Maoists. As if this is not enough, the fascist government is openly advocating the formation of vigilante groups in order to bring splits among the masses and to attack revolutionary forces. Women in Nepal are getting raped, tortured, imprisoned and killed in thousands by the Royal Nepal Army the (RNA). Today the USA and India are not only supplying arms and ammunitions to RNA but are also supplying their officers to train the RNA to kill Maoists. Similarly in India, after the promulgation of POTA many people have been incarcerated without any trial and tortured. In fact the banning of MCCI and CPI-ML (PW) and other organizations took place during this very period. There has been hightened repression on the people in general but in particular on the Maoist sympathizers and cadres. Many have been killed in fake encounters. Death sentences have been promulgated to eleven MCCI comrades by the Indian state. In fact state repression in Andhra Pradesh has become a pilot project, which is being experimented under the watchful eyes of the World Bank and the US imperialists. The fascist Naidu government has killed hundreds of top leaders and cadres of the PW (including four recently) and even civil liberties activists, teachers, poets, etc. Similarly counter-insurgency joint war exercises have been conducted by the Special Forces of the two countries at the Indian Army’s Jungle Warfare School in the North-East. There is growing military collaboration at the ground and sea level between the US and Indian forces to make Indian state the launching pad for suppressing people’s movements in SA and to bolster Indian expansionism. This is reflected in increased state repression on the revolutionary movements and various nationality movements in North-East and in Kashmir and increased Indian expansionist intervention in neighboring countries. In Bhutan, the archaic feudal monarchy is suppressing the nationality movement of the Bhutanese Nepalese under the watchful eyes of Indian expansionism. They have been denied to form even cultural or sports organizations with the fear that they may work as political organizations. Hundreds have been tortured and imprisoned and more than 100 thousand Nepalese Bhutanese have been thrown out of their country. The death sentence promulgated on 8 comrades of the CPEB (ML) (Red Flag) in Bangladesh is yet another proof of the level of repression on Maoist forces there. In Pakistan, the military regime is attacking its own territory and its people in the name of flushing out Al Quaida forces on behalf of the US imperialists. Similarly in Sri Lanka the reactionary state has been unleashing severe repression on revolutionaries and national liberation fighters for long.

The Naxalbari fire, which had engulfed South Asia in the 1960s, is now transformed into vigorous Maoist People’s War throughout SA. It is the fear of the spread of Maoist movements that has prompted the Indian state to invent their own so-called Compact Revolutionary Zone comprising of Nepal-Bihar-Dandakaranya-Andhra Pradesh. This has of late manifested in the illegal detention of Com. Kiran [Standing Committee Member of CPN (Maoist)] and Com. Gaurav [Politburo Member of CPN (Maoist)] in Indian prisons and illegal deportation of more than 75 Nepalese Maoist leaders and cadres. Also this has led to the incarceration of PW CC member, Com. Sujeet from Bihar. The fear of the spread of the Maoist movement has forced the central Indian government to intervene in its own provincial states affected by Maoist people’s wars, by pouring in money, muscle and media coverage. The recent attack and flushing out of ULFA and other similar forces of the North-East from Bhutan in the name of combating the Maoist spread in Bhutan is another such example. The fear of influence of the CPN (Maoist) amongst Bhutanese refugees stationed in Eastern Nepal is prompting the EU and the USA to patch up the refugee problem between Nepal, India and Bhutan.

To combat this powerful Maoist ideology, all states in this region are actively advancing religious fundamentalism in addition to state repression. In Nepal, the fratricidal and regicidal King Gyanendra is desperately trying to invoke Hindu feelings amongst the masses by encouraging and donating millions of rupees to fascist organizations like the Shiva Sena, Nepal and other similar organizations and by claiming to be the god incarnate of all Hindus of the world. In India, the ruling BJP is openly supporting trishul-wielding fascist Hindu organizations such as VHP, Shiva Sena etc has launched massive attacks on minorities, particularly Muslims and has been whipping up an anti-Islamic hysteria in order to keep the masses divided and ignorant. In Sri Lanka, the Buddhist monks are being encouraged to take part in politics to whip up anti-Tamil sentiments. In Pakistan and Bangladesh, Muslim fundamentalism is being openly used by the states to divert the real class issues of poverty, unemployment and discrimination. This growing religious fundamentalism must be tackled at people’s level by the Maoist forces by applying the science of MLM more creatively, by supporting the oppressed minorities, by pursuing a mass-line more deeply and by correctly following united front policies.

The growing state repression in SA has in fact created conducive grounds for united resistance against the respective states at the domestic level and co-coordinated resistance against the combined American imperialism and its stooge Indian expansionism at the regional level. This has already accelerated the process of unity of the two major Maoist Parties in India, i.e. the MCCI and CPI (ML) (PW). It has also created the objective basis for other MLM parties to coordinate more closely amongst themselves. The growing co-ordination between CPN (Maoist) and other democratic forces resisting against the fascist monarchy in Nepal is also the result of brutal repression in Nepal . The formation of a new Maoist Party in Bhutan is the result of extreme poverty, backwardness and increasing repression in Bhutan. In Bangladesh it has created favorable grounds for more and more MLM forces to initiate and expand PW to new areas. At the South Asia level, it has goaded the CCOMPOSA to consolidate and expand and to launch more united actions against American imperialism and its stooge Indian expansionism.

Dear Friends,

As per the decision of the Third Conference of CCOMPOSA, on the occasion of the 37th anniversary of the Naxalbari uprising, let us launch a joint campaign all over SA starting from 23rd May and culminating on May 29 against the death sentences issued against comrades in India and Bangladesh, daily encounter killings, the illegal detention of Com. Kiran and Gaurav in Indian jails, the deportation of more than 75 Nepalese Maoist leaders and cadres from India, and against the growing state repression in the respective countries. Let the ‘war on terrorism’ be converted into the ‘war on state sponsored terrorism’ by making this week reverberate with militant actions.

· Stop judicial execution of revolutionaries in India and Bangladesh !

· Stop daily fake encounter killings in Nepal, India, and elsewhere in SA!

· Release Com. Kiran and Com.Gaurav from Indian prisons!

· Stop deportation of Nepalese Maoists from India!

· Stop state repression on revolutionary and democratic forces in SA!

· Down with American Imperialism and its stooge Indian expansionism!

· Long Live Naxalbari!

· Long live CCOMPOSA

· Long live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!

-Co-ordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia


1) PBSP (CC) ]Bangladesh] 2) PBSP(MPK) [Bangladesh] 3) BSD(ML) [Bangladesh] 4) CPEB (ML)Red Flag [Bangladesh] 5) CPC(Maoist) [Srilanka] 6) MCCI (India) 7) CPI-ML (PW) [India] 8) CPI-ML(Naxalbari) [India] 9) RCCI (MLM) [India] 10) CPN (Maoist) [Nepal]

May 15, 2004

Posted in CCOMPOSA | Leave a Comment »


Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

Note: An old document received recently by email.

Solidarity Committee for Dandakaranya Revolutionary mass struggles

2005 May

Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee decided to take up a program with the slogan, ‘boycott government reforms’ for two days, on the 18th and the 19th of May.

Self-reliance Democracy

The aim of the exploitative government reforms is to suppress the revolutionary movement Let us protect the revolutionary movement! Let us boycott the reforms!

There is a wide meaning for reforms. Reform means, to reform a problem, an issue or a matter. This might be personal or social. It might be in the economic, political or the cultural fields. The word ‘reform’ itself expresses that reform does not mean solving a problem fundamentally but only reforming it partially. The extent of reform depends on the intensity of the problem.

Let us know about the reforms of the exploitative government going on in the economic sector and why the revolutionary masses in Dandakaranya are boycotting them. Let us first know about Dandakaranya and the background of the reforms briefly.

A brief introduction to Dandakaranya
For the past few years there is a big discussion in this country about Dandakaranya. The Indian ruling classes, mainly the government, civil, military and police higher officials frequently speak about Dandakaranya. In fact they are seriously worried about the happenings in DK, the name that is being written in red color in the map of India. Media is writing many sensational stories about DK. On the other hand DK is creating new hopes and thoughts in the minds of the oppressed classes. Thus Dandakaranya is gaining importance in Indian politics from different angles.

DK is the wide forest area comprising the borders of the states of Andhrapradesh, Orissa, Madhyapradesh, Maharashtra and Chathisgarh. Dandakaranya comprises of Bastar, the once third biggest district in the country in terms of area (presently Bastar is divided into three revenue districts and two police districts) and Gadchiroli. The area has a width of nearly 55,000 sq.kms and a population of 40 lakhs. The fact that most of the people are adivasis needs special mention. The historical Gondwana is a part of this area.

Dandakaranya is full of thick forests, hills, many perennial rivers and other water sources. It is rich in underground wealth. The wealth consists of valuable minerals like Iron, Corundum, Limestone, Bauxite, Mica, Copper, Uranium, Granite, Dolomite and other such things. Valuable forest wealth, abundant water and wide terrain are the characteristics of the area. It is important to note that the neighboring areas too are adivasi areas and forest areas. Before 1947 British imperialists exploited the wealth from this area. In the later period the Indian comprador and bureaucratic capitalists and imperialists are looting it. As a result the local exploited masses are suffering from utter poverty. They are living a horrible life.

Like any adivasi area in the country Dandakaranya also is facing severe negligence from the central and the state governments. The governments only exploit the resourceful adivasi areas in the county. But they do not bother about the development of the inhabitants. Because of the rich resources they are trying to reform the rail, road and the waterways in the name of ‘development’ in particular areas, to an extent. But they never let know the actual aim of this development. It is nothing but looting away the wealth. So development of these areas must be understood as the development of ‘infrastructure facilities’ in terms of globalisation. In other words, it is called reforms. If we map the areas that are already formed and those that are yet to be formed, we easily understand why they are connected. If we see the roads that were laid whether in the British area or later in the rule of comprador bourgeoisie, we understand that they are irrespective of the inhabited areas. Leaving them aside, the rest of the areas remember one of the medieval ages until a decade ago.

The people in this area are very backward. The agriculture in this area is rain dependent. The average yield is not more than 3 quintals per acre. Until date, ‘podu cultivation’ is the main mode of production in many areas of Dandakaranya. Collection of forest wealth in all the adivasi areas is equal to the rabi crop. The half-dressed bodies, half-starved stomachs, eating mere poisonous roots, storing the fruits available in the forest, eating dried meat of birds, snakes, animals and fish reminds one of the pre civilized development process of the human race. One can assess their condition only by comparing it with the ancient period.

Literacy is very low among the people in this area. Literacy among women is much too low. Protected drinking water is unimaginable. It would not be an overstatement to say that the adivasis do not know anything about medical facilities. There are untimely deaths, malaria and incurable diseases like sickle cell anaemia. Diseases like TB, leprosy and AIDS are not treated and lead to death if chronic.

Why are the exploitative governments competing to develop such lives in the name of ‘development’ for the past few years? Why is the revolutionary movement boycotting them? This is the fundamental question to be discussed. The aim of this paper is to explain this issue.

Conditions in Dandakaranya
Revolutionary movement started in Dandakaranya in the early 1980’s. The people gradually understood their lives in the light of revolutionary politics and started becoming part of the revolutionary mass organizations. They came together in the revolutionary struggles in a big way. They got down to solving their fundamental problems. Initially they took up a lot of struggles for hike in wages. Later they started demanding justified wage rate and then the ownership rights on them. They suffered harassment in the hands of the exploitative forest officials. The masses demanded pattas for the forestlands brought under cultivation in the initial period of the revolutionary movement. In the past two decades they have lost patience. Now they started declaring rights on those lands. They have submitted countless applications for irrigation facilities but in vain. So now they are doing it themselves collectively in cooperative method. They went around the political leaders asking for protected drinking water facility. But it was not provided. So the people of many villages started digging small and big wells. The people are demanding for doctors to look after their health. They are demanding a teacher to teach their children. Children and adults are conducting rallies with this demand. But the schemes of the central or the state governments are helping them not even in the least. They are demanding remunerative prices for their crops. They are asking for a justified rate for the forest products. They are demanding the curbing of exploitation in the weekly shanties. But none came to their help. Ultimately the people themselves formed ‘shanty committees’ and are taking up discussions with the traders.

The governments are cutting the forests with the view of profits not considering the environmental problems or those of the people. So the people are obstructing them. The Revolutionary movement is challenging the looting of the abundant sources by the Indian big bureaucratic bourgeoisie and the imperialists. They are resisting the police that are coming to arrest the people on false accusations in all methods. People are making it clear that the Sarpanch, MLA or the MP who come once in five years are not the real people’s representatives and that none of them really solve their problems. They say they have nothing to do with the parliamentary system. They are boycotting the elections. They are more and more organising into Revolutionary mass organizations and are solving their problems in the leadership of the Revolutionary People’s Committees. Formation of such Committees is on the rise in the recent time. Due to the revolutionary struggles, the masses are clear about the actual character of the exploitative government. So they are fighting under the leadership of a revolutionary party despite any number of black laws. They are advancing with great sacrifices. People are facing the armed forces of the exploitative government with the help of the Revolutionary people’s army for protecting their revolutionary movement and to maintain the power of their Revolutionary People’s Committee.

The masses of Dandakaranya are drawing a clear demarcating line between them and the exploitative government. This demarcating line is being termed as ‘left terrorism’ by the exploitative governments. But in fact, it is well known as ‘Naxalite movement’ and ‘Naxalism’. In fact the term gained a place in the dictionaries. The governments are expressing their natural worry and apprehension that ‘left terrorism’ is extremely dangerous when compared with cross border terrorism, mafia gangs, north east armed movements, the atrocities of the private armies or the landlord’s factional politics. The governments can make friends with such people. In fact it is the governments that encourage them. But left terrorism is not such a kind of it. So they are facing a lot of problems. The statistics reveal the rise of the movement year by year in the broad terrain of India.
Government says that ‘left terrorism’ exists in 13 states and 159 districts out of the total 29 states, 650 districts. They are much worried with the fact that out of the 159 districts more than 90 are adivasi districts (there are totally 321 adivasi districts in the country). There are two reasons for this. One is that the adivasi area is an area of rich resources. The second is that in the early part of the 19th century it was the adivasis that aimed weapons on the imperialist exploitation. These apart, the exploitative governments are facing two kinds of problems with the ‘left terrorism’. One is that until now, the adivasi masses never became a hurdle for their looting of the resources in this level. Now the masses are becoming revolutionary conscious. ‘Left terrorism’ is coming in the way of this exploitation. The revolutionary areas are gradually strengthening. So in the past four decades, they are facing the problem of losing control on the wide terrain. In neighbouring Nepal, monarchy has become a prisoner in the hands of the People’s Army. The stories in the media that a revolutionary corridor is being formed from Andhra to Nepal through Dandakaranya are adding to their fears.
Elimination of ‘left terrorism’ – immediate agenda of the Indian ruling class
Presently the Indian ruling class is taking up two kinds of measures to eliminate ‘left terrorism’ as its immediate agenda. One is to suppress it with police, para-military forces and military actions. It is understood that if necessary it will deploy the Indian army, from a recently released statement of the chief of the army. The second measure is to continue reforms thoroughly. This stick and carrot method is known to one and all in the revolutionary movement. It is also clear that military suppression takes the first place. We have to specially understand that both the measures are being implemented as a part of the Low Intensity conflict strategy of the imperialists. The LIC strategy came into effect after World War II.

The various state governments are taking up many measures in the respective states to suppress the revolutionary movement. In the early part of 1970, the governments suppressed the Naxalbari-Srikakulam movements with cruel repression. They are continuing the same method in the later period also. Anyway they are not finding it easy to do the same. They are expending crores of rupees for the purpose. All the state governments are increasing their police forces quantitatively. They are also forming various kinds of special forces and concentrating on modernizing them. The imperialists are at their back. Initially they formed a Joint Coordination Centre. After a decade they formed the Joint Operational Command in 1998-’99. The initial JCC was formed with the police higher officials of four states. Later when the JOC was formed, the number rose to 9. As years pass, new states are joining the JOC. Presently there are more than 10 states. While the JOC is under the command of the central government, the states are preparing to form separate commands in the district and the local level. The Chathisgarh government is going through a proposal to form a joint command with the state and the central para military forces as like in Kashmir. All these commands aim to eliminate the revolutionary movement with mutual coordination. It would be nothing but an armed police action. Though the UPA government maintains that dealing with Naxalism is the problem of the state governments, it is guaranteeing them that the central government would extend the necessary help in this regard.

The history of reforms is as much as that of the repressive measures. Repression and reforms are the two wheels of the vehicle of repression. While repression is unleashed with the direct supervision of the police and their participation, reforms are taking place under the leadership of the civil officials and political leaders. However in areas where the revolutionary movement is very strong, reforms too are being implemented with the support of armed police. This indicates the revolutionary consciousness of the masses.

To add, it can be undoubtedly said that reforms work as an instrument in the suppression and mechanism of the mass movements. While repression directly suppress the masses with its weapons, the reforms lure the masses with many hopes and try to distance away from the movement. Recently reforms are helping the police a lot to reach the masses. We see a lot of reports and recommendations of commissions that tell the police to deal the masses as friends, lying in the cupboards in the government offices. They are now being dusted and taken serious. In the name of making ‘friends’ with the people the police too are starting mass organizations. The only aim of these organizations is to extend the reforms of the governments to the people. The police have multiple benefits out of these reforms. They are wantonly making the activists of the movement join these organizations. They are even threatening them to join. They are picking out persons who can work as informers for them. They are also preparing a section to highlight their reforms in the villages and benefiting them. This section provides them with all the necessary facilities whenever they go to the villages. Normally they are molded as tools to the ruling class. They swallow the benefits of the reforms. Thus a new rich section is being formed in the villages. They are closely linked with the local lumpen elements. Where there are no lumpens, these elements are brought forward to the stage politically. Women too are organised. (eg – DWAKRA, SHG).

It is a clear fact that the reforms started in the background of the revolutionary struggles. It is also a fact that they are taking thoroughly with the aim of ending these movements. We must understand that the reforms mentioned here are mainly in the economic sector.
Why does the government want to implement reforms?
There is a section in the Indian Bureaucracy that strongly argues that social and economic conditions are the reason for the starting and strengthening of left terrorism. This section constantly warns that this problem should not be dealt as a law and order problem. As the movement is strengthening, these arguments too are strengthening and are coming more and more into the forefront. It is worth mentioning what the Prime Minister and the Home Minister spoke in the DGP’s meeting in last November in Delhi.

Prime Minister Manmohan singh – “The spectre of left wing extremism continues to haunt us, albeit in new forms. Charu Mazumdar had once talked of a spring thunder over India. In the initial days of the movement, many of them of the best and the brightest had been attracted towards the movement. Almost 40 years later, the Naxalite movement has lost much of its intellectual class, but it has gained in strength and has now spread to over 150 districts all over the country.

“This phenomenon is function of underdevelopment. It is not a coincidence that it is the tribal areas that are the main battleground of left wing extremism today. Large swathes of tribal territory from Andhrapradesh in the south to the borders of UP and Bengal in the north and east have become the hunting ground of left wing extremism, which has the potential to pose an even graver threat than militancy in Jammu and Kashmir and the North East”.

Home Minister – “The widespread socio-economic, political and regional inequities prevalent in the country, coupled with poverty, unemployment and lack of proper infrastructure remain the basic cause for continuance and spatial expansion of Naxalism. Recognizing this and for tackling Naxalism from the developmental perspective, the central government has asked the states to accord high priority in the annual plans to ensure faster integrated development of Naxalite affected districts”.
Government allots heavily for reforms

The center and the state governments realize the seriousness of ‘left terrorism’ more than before and so are allotting funds for the development of backward areas mostly. They said that they are establishing a special fund with 5 crores in the 2005-’06 budget to provide grants to the backward areas. It was also proposed in the central budget to start a special scheme in the name of ‘Bharath Nirman’ to create infrastructure facilities with the participation of the public and the private sectors. The aims of this scheme are to provide irrigation, roads, house construction, drinking water, electricity, telephone connectivity and other such things. There were proposals in the recent budget to allot Rs.6235 crores of rupees for the development of SC and STs. On one hand the center is issuing funds liberally. On the other hand, ‘affected’ districts are more liberally issuing funds keeping the welfare of the adivasi areas in view. They are requesting the center for additional funds. The Special Action Committee requested the government two years back for Rs.1600 crores for the development of the ‘Naxal affected’ districts. Minister Dharmarao Athram said that they have spent Rs.400 crores in Gadchiroli district alone. Chathisgarh state government is requesting the Centre for Rs.1450 crores for the development of Naxal affected areas. The state government already spent 400 crores of rupees for this purpose. It is mainly concentrating on developing the ‘Abuzmaad’ area. In addition to this, it is allotting hundreds of crores of special funds in the name of ‘Bastar package’ and ‘Sarguja package’. It is taking up special schemes for the ‘development’ of adivasi areas. While these are the details of funds poured out by the state and the central governments for development, funds are additionally being released in the name of pilot projects as a part of the decisions taken in the regular JOC meetings. They decided to expend specially 15 crores of rupees annually for the development of adivasi districts. Thus all these funds together amount to thousands of crores of rupees. The governments say all of these funds are for the development of adivasis. They say they are for creating infrastructure facilities. While there are 321 adivasi districts in the country, the ruling classes are thinking about the development of adivasis in 90 districts. This is a point to think of. If the government is really concerned about the development of the people, it has to think about the development of the people in all the districts. But the aim of the government is to eliminate the ‘left wing extremism’. On the other hand, people concerned about adivasis illustrate with statistics that if the funds released in the five decades of ‘independent’ India for adivasis are allotted family wise, they could have given one lakh rupees for each family.

Despite this fact the progress achieved is nothing. Anyone closely concerned with the adivasis accept these facts. These facts reveal that the funds spent in the name of ‘development’ in the past 50 years or the funds that are planned to be spent now in the same name, however much the amount may be, is being spent irrespective to the masses and their active participation and their consent. So how can we get better results? To tell more straightly, this expenditure of the exploitative governments is not for the sake of the people. It is mainly to lay roads in the name of infrastructure facilities. Money is being spent for other works also in a big way. The government maintains that they are taking up these programs for the purpose of the people and in their service. But in fact it is formulating each and every program with future view. We cannot understand this unless we observe them keenly. We see that the school buildings being built now in the name of reforms are totally different to those built in the past. It is the same with hospitals too. It is so because the schools in the villages are police guesthouses. Children’s education is at a loss. The police are not secure with the old buildings and so they are building new ones with absolute concealment. One might consider them as developmental programs. One might think that drinking water, irrigation, solar lights and other such things; personal loans and subsidies are part of development. One might also think that all these help for the betterment of the people’s lives. If the governments are spending so much money for developmental programs why is the revolutionary movement obstructing them? Let us discuss this important question. Why does the revolutionary movement and people opposing reforms?
The revolutionary masses strongly feel that the reforms being taken up by the exploitative governments with crores and crores of rupees are not for their development. So they are opposing them. They feel that all the schemes the government is taking up in the name of creating infrastructure facilities are mainly to loot the local resources and that they help the imperialist organizations and multi national corporations and the Indian big capitalist organizations. They also understand that the roads are laid to invite their investment. That is the reason they are opposing these reforms. The fresh proposal for mines needs mention. The common person in the country is already facing the burden of crores and crores of rupees of external and internal loans. The government is taking up ‘development works’ with more loans. So the people are opposing them. They want development through self-reliance. More than anything they understood that each and every action taken up in the name of development of adivasi areas are dependent on the international liquid capital and is actually for the development of imperialists. People are opposing the reforms since they understood the actual aim of it.

Is there nothing that helps the masses? This is not at all a point of discussion. It is needless to mention that the governments are not unwise to take up something that does not help the people at all. It is clear that each and every scheme of the dozens of schemes brought forward in the name of reforms is closely related with the lives of poor people. Only thus the governments will be able to attract the people with the economic interests. They will be able to lure the people. They will be able to split them by luring them with money. These might be personal or collective. Whatever it is, in essence they are one and the same. They divert the revolutionary consciousness of the masses.

Bourgeoisie liberal intellectuals and some progressive thinkers are influenced with the heavy propaganda of the Indian government about development and are under the illusion that it is possible to achieve fundamental changes in the lives of the exploited masses abiding the Indian constitution. They really feel that we have to achieve development by using these reforms. The government, its intellectuals and their ‘progressive’ movements say that the backward areas are the centers of Naxalites. They are also rightly mentioning the reasons such as illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, ill health and other such things. They are concluding that these are the reasons for the backwardness of these areas. They are spending crores of money to

uplift them. Their owners (imperialists) too are declaring the countries as a whole as backward and are giving money in the name of loans, grants and aids. It is a fact that they are the reason for the backwardness of these areas and countries. It is equally a fact that these measures being taken up for their uplift help only for the development of the imperialists. They say that industries be established here to eradicate backwardness and unemployment. They say we have to increase the opportunities for employment. Establishing industries is nothing but exploring the abundant minerals in Dandakaranya. It might be in Chargam, Bailadilla, Surjagarh, Kuvvemari or Bodheghat. They will lay the Raoghat railway line to transport the products from these industries. They ask the ESSAR Company to lay a pipeline to link Bailadilla to the harbor in Visakhapatnam. We are aware that the KK railway line was laid for this purpose. For similar purposes, they will construct NH – 16 and other such things. If the people resent, personnel of the armed Border Road Organisation are deployed and the works are taken up.

This is the experience of DK for the past 15 years. However we wish to tell the world that the people are not allowing such works to be taken up. This is the greatness of revolutionary movement. If it really meant for the people, they would not stop them! They say they would develop tourism to eradicate unemployment. In fact whom do they uplift? Is it the comprador capitalists and imperialists? Or is it the masses? Is this self-reliance or dependency? This is to be discussed.

These intellectuals also feel that it is the civil service officials of the government that implement these reforms. It is wrong. Normally the high civil officials belong to the ruling classes. They only try to implement the government schemes. If one thinks that they are in civil dress and work in civil departments and do not consider their class character or for whom their services are dedicated and the aim of their implementing the reforms, it would only be innocently getting victimized to their conspiracy. We must understand that there is a nexus between the civil, police officials and the political leaders. Similarly, many NGOs are coming forward to implement the reforms of the government among the masses. There are many such organizations starting from ‘Ramakrishna mission’ to ‘Rupanthar’ with a progressive guise. All these are pure reactionary organizations working with imperialist funds. It is the weakness of the progressive democrats and liberal bourgeoisie not to understand the actual character of the deceiving reforms and the class nature of Indian constitution. On one hand they are condemning the suppressive actions of the armed forces of the Indian government, though with a feeble voice. On the other hand, they hope we have to permit the sugarcoated knife like reforms. This is nothing but useless liberal nature. As long as they do not come out of this they condemn state violence as well as revolutionary violence. They claim patriotism in the path of non-violence and feel contented. They say the reforms are to be implemented. If they hesitate to dare and support the actual patriotic and anti imperialist revolutionary movement wholeheartedly, they cannot do anything good to the masses and the country. We have to understand the NGOs too in the similar manner. The NGOs are mushrooming and are concentrating in the adivasi areas. Most of these NGOs help for the interests of the imperialists. More so, they are working directly under the guidance of the imperialists.

It is not surprising that the President of the country recently opined that the programs and policies of the government could be implemented among the masses effectively without the participation of the NGOs. His dreams are not only to materialize Vision – 2020. We cannot understand the opinions and dreams of the President of India unless we understand the imperialist globalisation. If one really thinks of self-reliance and independence of this country, they can understand that Vision – 2020 is a fraud, that it does nothing but postpone the people’s problems for another 15 years, that we have to fulfill the interests of the imperialists until then. This is the actual message of the President. The Indian masses must be ashamed of this statement. The government that cannot work for the masses without the participation of NGOs must immediately be dissolved. The President said that the term NGO does not express their services properly and that we have to call them Organizations for social change. This is insulting. The patriotic revolutionary movements must get ready to chase away all the funded NGOs from the country.
The revolutionary movements developing in the adivasi areas are opposing these reforms politically. The revolutionary masses are ready to retaliate the thousands of animal like armed forces. Similarly they are also clearly opposing the sweet bullet like reforms. The police are bullying the villages, combing the forests and are arresting the masses in a big way. Atrocities on women are on the rise. People are killed in fake encounters and the police declare them to be left wing extremists/Naxalites. Students, employees, traders and all the common people belonging to all classes are facing the effect of repression. The people feel that without defeating this repression, there is no guarantee for their villages and for their lives. So they are inevitably getting ready to fight it back united. This is a war. This is the People’s War between the masses on one hand and the exploitative government, its armed forces on the other. Those who feel that this is to be defeated must not hesitate to fight back the reforms too. Since they are financial reforms that are coming forward in the name of development, the revolutionary movement deals patiently and works with the aim of exposing them. It explains the actual purpose of these programs to the people and makes them boycott the same.

Reforms and repression
The aim of both reforms and repression is one and the same. It is to eliminate the revolutionary movement. Both are two kinds of bullets. The forms and methods are different. In the Naxalbari – Srikakulam struggles, the participation of the reforms in deviating the masses from the revolutionary movement is as much as that of the armed forces in the suppression of the movement. While repression unleashes violence on the masses physically the reforms distance them away intellectually and physically. The masses strongly feel that this constitution does not belong to them. They are clear that this is an exploitative system. They realize that the ruling classes are dependent on the international liquid capital and that they are striving for its development and fulfilling their interests. They understand that the ruling classes do not wish the real development of the masses and that they are not in that direction. The revolutionary masses wish to have a patriotic self-reliance. So why will the masses allow fake reforms? When the masses understand the reforms that are going to increase with the aim of imperialist globalisation in the present world, why should they not oppose them? The media that is in the hands of the ruling class can take up ill propaganda to the maximum extent that opposing these reforms is counter development, anti social and undemocratic. It is its nature. We are not under the illusion that the ruling class or its media would highlight or praise the revolutionary movement. We have to place the example of Chandrababu’s Janmabhumi. We have to place the example of the afternoon meals scheme, the misappropriation in the construction of the roads in Bihar and the shallowness in Kam ke badlaa anaj. We have to place the example of the fake sarvasiksha abhiyan that could not actually provide education until now. We have to place each and every failure of the system before the masses. One might ask that we could oppose the misappropriation and immorality in these reforms and come forward to implement them sincerely. This would be like trying to remove dust from the meals plate on the ground. If this alone is the aim of the revolutionary movement, it is not necessary to take up armed struggle.
The government wishes that left-wing extremists should not come in the way of reforms. The state is getting down to implement them cruelly. It says we have to allow the parliamentary elections and the elections for the village Panchayat, Assembly and the Loksabha. It warns that the reforms are implemented through them and that they should not be opposed. If the people oppose, it implements them by force and cruelty. There are a lot of such cases in Gadchiroli. The imperialists are unleashing democracy in Iraq and Afghanistan according to their will. So it is a matter of fact for them to implement the reforms here. To put it in one word, we have to allow each and every work of the government as it wishes to be. We should not come in the way of the government. If it so happens, it will bring forward the issue of leftwing extremism. This is the stand of the present exploitative government.

The masses are fighting against it. They are fighting with arms to achieve power. They are establishing their own new economic order, the politics of people’s democracy and revolutionary culture. In order to strengthen and expand they have no alternative other than defeating repression and reforms. The people believe in the Revolutionary path. Not the path of reforms. People are aspiring for revolutionary changes. They are not aspiring for the fake reforms. They are fighting to end the big landlord, big bourgeoisie and imperialist elements and the military system that is protecting them. They do not wish to maintain the system that exploited them until now. People strongly opine that any number of parliamentary democratic reforms in this system do not change their lives fundamentally. So they are ready to fight back the repression and reforms. They are ready to fight both the iron bullets and the sweet bullets. Recently the Chathisgarh government banned the Revolutionary mass organizations. This reveals the actual dictatorial character of the governments that nominally speak of the development of adivasis. Despite any number of such reforms, the people will not drift away from the path of struggle. One who loves democracy, one who is patriotic, one who wishes self-reliance, one who opposes the exploitation of imperialism and that of the multi-national corporations and imperialist globalisation, must stand on the side of the revolutionary movement. They have to be ready for struggles and sacrifices. The present situation demands so.
Let us welcome the self-reliance of the revolutionary masses
The masses of Dandakaranya are building an alternative social order. This is being taken up in the method of self-reliance and reliance. They are giving prior importance to distributing the lands for the development of agriculture and for irrigation facilities. They are trying to have remunerative prices for collection of products and selling them in a regular method. Moreover, they are formulating syllabus in education without any sort of myth and to develop democratic values in scientific methods and are running schools. They are taking care about the health of the people. They are making efforts to develop Ayurvedam and Allopathy medicine in the primary level. They are respecting the people’s culture. They are teaching the masses to leave aside the outdated traditions and are introducing new traditions. They say women are no more secondary citizens and are trying to establish equalitarian and democratic relations between men and women. They are fighting to eliminate the patriarchal, male dominated ideology. They are taking up the construction of roads in the villages to the necessary extent. They are paying special attention towards sanitation in the adivasi villages, mainly in the rainy season.

All these are taking place as per the decision of the masses and with their participation. Many works are being taken up in the method of mutual cooperation. It is noteworthy that the Revolutionary People’s Committee leads each and every work. This shows the organized strength of the masses. It is proved that whatever the 5th and the 6th schedules of the Indian Constitution speak, or the 73rd amendment gives through the gram sabhas, it would not help the poor people in this country. So they are formulating policies to dig mines, to construct ponds, to protect forests, to run schools and hospitals. They are formulating policies so that people decide about all these and all the powers must lie with the Revolutionary gram sabhas. That is why the exploitative government is intolerant. The people are not ready to do any work as a part of its policies, as per its orders and direction. This is shaking its foundations. They are unable to get their things done without the armed khakhis. So it is worried that there is an alternative government in DK. It is propagating the development works of the people as counter development. It says they are doing so due to the pressure of anti social elements and their threats and is obstructing them to do so.

Deciding what is development is also a fundamental question related to class nature. People are boycotting the reforms of the exploitative government as a matter of fact. They are becoming conscious with revolutionary politics and are not surrendering to its influences. They are fighting back the severe repression that is unleashed in the process of boycotting and are ready for sacrifices. They are least hesitant to lose the present temporary poisonous reforms for the sake of their long-term interests. The revolutionary movement is making efforts to prepare those of the masses that are not ready for the same. The movement decided not to pressurize the masses in any situation. It leaves the issue for the will and wish of the people. It is striving to raise the consciousness of the people and leaves the final decision to the masses. This is mass line – class line. It is the Revolutionary line. However much obstructions they face temporarily, however much difficulties and problems they face in the initial stage, they consider them inevitable. They are confident that they can overcome them if they work with a will and that they would certainly achieve victory. So the masses are opposing the reforms that are indulging in the suppression of the movement. There is nothing that the masses lose by opposing the reforms. In the place of the development the government claims, people’s development through self-reliance withstands and strengthens.


Posted in Dandakaranya | Leave a Comment »

Bihar PUCL report::

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

Rivalry between armed groups claims more lives

— By Prabhakar Sinha, National Vice-President; Kishori Das, General Secretary, Bihar State; Mithlesh Kumar, Secretary, Bihar State; Nageshwar Prasad, Member PUCL, 14 January, 2004

The Bihar State PUCL constituted a fact finding team to enquire into the killing of six persons at Pariyari (Tolal Dih and Bigaha) in Arwal district. The team consisted of Dr. Prabhakar Sinha, National Vice-President, Kishori Das, State General Secretary, Mithilesh Kumar, Secretary and Nageshwar Prasad, member, PUCL. The team visited the village Pariyari and Kinjar police station in whose jurisdiction this village falls. A large number of villagers including men, women and children spoke to the team. It also met Asharfi Manjhi Assistant Officer-in-charge of Kinjar and other police officers assisting him and perused the FIR of the case No. 1/2004 pertaining to the unfortunate incident and also the FIR of case No. 69/2002, both of Kinjar police station.

A few of the people who spoke to the PUCL team are Sona Devi, Brat Devi, Savitri Devi, Shanti Devi, Mukesh Kumar, Sheokuri Devi, Dailati Devi, Ram Udar Singh, Ful Kumari Devi, Sanjya Singh, Mishri Bhagat, Guddu Kumar, Thakur Bhagat, Indra Deep Singh and others.

The following persons were killed or injured in the incident
A. Names of the deceased:
Kaushalendra Paswan (22) alias Goth Paswan, Sudarshan Paswan (40), Rajnath Paswan (60-70) (the father of the two named above), Guddu (16), Kamaldeo Bhagat (50), suffered from leprosy. Umesh Singh (35-40) died 4 day after the incident.

B. The injured
Sahjanand Singh, S/o late Deep Narain Sing Nagandra Thakur (30-35).

Old Jehanabad district including Arwal
This district of Bihar has been an area of armed clashes between the armed squads of CPI (ML) groups namely, the Liberation, Party Unity (which is now Peoples War Group) and MCC (Maoist Community Centre) on the one hand and the armed groups of the land owners on the other for almost last two decades. Some of the armed groups which clashed with the squads of the CPI (ML) groups were Kunwar Sena, Bramharshi Sena, Bhoomi Sena, Sawarna Liberation Front, Kisan Sena and now the Ranveer Sena. The clashes have caused a huge loss of lives – mostly of unarmed and defenceless men (old and young), women and children simply became they belonged to the villages perceived by the opposite side to be supporters of their enemies. According to a report sent by the SP of Arwal by his letter No. 456 dated 10.5.03 the Ranveer Sena has killed 132 persons between 1997 and April 2003 only in the district of Jahanabad which includes district Arwal now carved out of it.

According to the same report between 29.4.1995 and 14.4.2003, the Ranveer Sena has perpetuated the crime of such killings on 33 occasions in the districts of Bhojpur, Jehanabad, (including Arwal), Rohtas, Aurangabad, and Patna causing 292 deaths. The combined number of attacks by the CPI (ML) groups and the loss of lives caused during the last two decades should be much larger. At present, other armed groups of the land owners are not in existence. The Ranveer Sena continues to operate. The SP Arwal has drawn the attention of the government to the fact that though the MCC and the People’s War Groups have been declared terrorist organisations under Section 18 of POTA, the Ranveer Sena has not been declared a terrorist organisation (this is the stand of the SP, the PUCL is opposed to POTA itself).

The locale of the incident
The village Pariyari is in the district of Arwal which falls in the area of conflict between the Ranveer Sena and People’s War Group and MCC. The village consists of three Tolas and stretches from the east to west. In the east is Pariyari Mathia followed by Pariyari Bigha and then Pariyari Dih (East Mathia-Bihga-Dih-West), Pariyari Dih has a sizable population of Bhumihars (an upper caste which is believed to be the patron of the Ranveer Sena). However, it also has a large number of people from other castes including Brahmins, Kurmies, Telies, Kahars, Julahas, Gararies, Dhobies, Naies and Lohars (except Brahmins the rest are backward castes, Dalits, and also Muslims). The other two Tolas are largely inhabited by the backward castes and the Dalits.) as a rule, the CPI (ML) groups have the support of the down trodden i.e. of the backward castes and the Dalits. Since Bhumihars are a land owning caste (this is not to suggest that all Bhumihars own land and are rich) the conflict between them and the down trodden caused by conflicting economic interest also assumes the colour of caste conflict, though in many cases the conflict is truly caused by the assertion of their caste based superiority over the backwards and the Dalits. Thus, a situation has been created in which the down-trodden are almost totally distrustful of and hostile to the Bhumihars (this attitude is not confined to Pariyari village but is discernible throughout the area of such conflict).

The incident of 3 January, 2004
According to the eye witnesses, the killers arrived from the side of Pariyari Dih at 8 am or so and moved towards Pariyari Bigha. It was an extremely cold morning full of dense fog. A few defenceless and unsuspecting persons were sitting around a ‘Ghoora’ (fire around which people sit in the open to warm themselves). They arrived and opened fire indiscriminately killing Guddu and injuring Sahjanand Singh and Nagendra Thakur. All sitting there ran for their lives. Umesh Singh was near a hand pump presumably to wash his hands and clean this teeth as is the routine in villages in the morning. Some of the killers shot and seriously injured him there. He died after four days. Some of them shot Kamaldeo Bhagat (a leprosy patient) dead, who was just sitting in front of his hut. Then the killers moved towards Pariyari Dih and shot Gout and Sudarshan Paswan dead in front of their hut. Their father Rajnath Paswan ran towards Pariyari Bigha side through a narrow passage between the huts, but unfortunately found himself in an open field fully exposed to some of the killers who were returning from the Bigha side. He was shot at and he fell dead in the field behind their huts. The eye witnesses said that after doing their deed, they went towards Pariyari Dih i.e. the side from which they had come.

The eye witnesses said the killers had their faces covered. Besides, the fog was too dense to make the identification of the killers impossible. Some of the persons who were sitting near the fire in the open said that they ran to save their lives and did not even think of identifying the killers. Not one eye witness claimed to identify any of the killers.

The villagers claimed that there was no conflict or tension of any kind between the bhumihar landowners of Pariyari Dih and them. They categorically stated that there was no reason for them to apprehend any attack from anyone.

As for the cause for the killing, they were equally unanimous that the crime had been perpetrated to cause terror among the poor. They were also unanimously of the opinion that the crime had been committed by the Ranveer Sena. However, when asked why the Ranveer Sena chose their village as a target for creating terror, they said that their was no reason and they were clueless.

Then their attention was drawn to the fact that three members of the Bhumihar caste from Pariyari Dih were killed by the CPI (ML) groups in August 2002, and they were asked if the Ranveer Sena suspected the involvement of some people from their part of the village. They categorically denied any such connection or suspicion.

FIR of the Incident: An FIR in Kinjar case No. 1/2004 has been filed by Sheoratia Devi, mother of the deceased Kaushalendra Paswan and Sudarshan Paswan and wife of deceased Rajnath Paswan. In the FIR she has named several persons and given a detailed description of the arms which each of them had in their hands. She has also stated that they all raised slogan in favour of Ranveer Sena.

The PUCL team had a feeling that the choice of one Tola of their own village by Ranveer Sena or any other group of persons without any rhyme or reason (for creating terror) did not appear logical, though occurrence of illogical things cannot be wholly ruled out in the present scenario. In order to confirm the assertion of the villagers that some from Pariyari Bigha were accused of involvement in the killing of three persons from Pariyari Dih, the PUCL team perused the FIR of Kinjar PS case No. 69/2002 pertaining to the killing of three young men of Pariyari Dih in August, 2002. It was found that several persons including Sahajanand Singh s/o late Deep Narain Singh, who was injured in the attack on 3 January, 2004 were named as accused in that case. Some other names figuring in the FIR from Pariyari Bigha and Pariyari Dih are Rajinder Singh, Ravinder Singh, Braj Kishore Thakur, Anil Singh, Jagdish Thakur, Kanhia Sharma, Hazari Sharma and Uday Sharma (all from Pariyari, Dih). A few names from Pariyari Mathia also occur in the FIR.
However, the PUCL expenses no opinion on the involvement or otherwise of the persons named in the FIR at Kinjar PS case No. 1/2004 regarding the incident of January 3, 2004 or the FIR at Kinjar PS case No. 69/2002 regarding the incident of August 2002 in the village Pariyari.

The Ranveer Sena and the People’s War Group (PWG)
In the continuing series of clashes between the Ranveer Sena and the PWG, none of them deny their hand in the killing they effect. In this case also, the Ranveer Sena has issued a press statement taking responsibility for killing at Pariyari and announcing that they would repeat such killings if the CPI (ML) groups do not desist from imposing economic blockade and killing of farmers (Aaj, Patna 05.01.2004). The PWG has also issued a press statement and taken the responsibility of killing Shalesh Sharma (26) of village Nirakhpur for his participation in Pariyari carnage (Aaj, 08.01.2004). The clashes are likely to continue.

Finding: the killing at Pariyari is the hand-work of the Ranveer Sena as they have themselves claimed. The PWG has also retaliated by killing Shalesh Sharma of Nirakhpur. The killing at Pariyari Dih and Pariyari Bigha was an act of retaliation by the Ranveer Sena against those they consider to be with the PWG, MCC or Liberation.

The following points emerge from the situation as it exists

  • The series of killing would continue causing heavy loss of lives most of whom are likely be unsuspecting defenceless persons.
  • The armed groups do not seem to confront each other and appear to attack unarmed defenceless unsuspecting persons only.
  • Defenceless villages, where there is no risk of armed resistance, is chosen as a soft target and attacked.
  • The state government has abdicated its responsibility of protecting the life and liberty of the people and left them to fend for themselves. Thus, there is a situation of free for all, leading to a situation where might is right.
  • The only remedy is for the government to enforce its law, and offer the protection of law to all in the state. Establishing the rule of law is the only solution of the problem.
  • Though it offers some relief to the families of those killed and we support such financial help, we condemn state government’s practice of leaving the people at the mercy of killers and then offering the families of the killed some money as a compensation as if money can compensate for the loss of life.

Posted in Bihar, Ranvir Sena | Leave a Comment »

Rs 1,913.76 crore PDS grain siphoned in West Bengal

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

In the last three years, Rs 31,585.98 crore worth of wheat and rice meant for the poorest of the poor was siphoned off from the public distribution system.

Last year alone, Rs 11,336.98 crore worth of food grain that the government is supposed to distribute to the needy at subsidized prices found its way into the market illegally.

Every year, India’s poor are cheated out of 53.3% of wheat and 39% of rice meant for them. With the exception of 11 states and Union Territories, there is large scale diversion of PDS grain across India. And, these 11 states and UTs seem to be faring better only because the others are so far ahead in the dirty business.

In the case of wheat, except for 12 states, there’s massive pilferage of the grain all over the country. The situation is a tad better for rice, with 16 states having little or no diversion. Exceptions apart, the poor in India simply can’t trust the government to deliver them food supplies. The malaise cuts across party lines and categories like progressive, rich states and the poor, less developed ones.

The North-East is in a class of its own. Of the eight states here, not a single grain of wheat supplied to six — Sikkim, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Assam — reaches the targeted poor. Arunachal Pradesh can claim to be a little less corrupt as 96.2% of its PDS wheat gets diverted. Manipur takes the cake as 97.7% of its rice allocation is also siphoned off with Nagaland following close behind at 88.6% of rice being diverted.

If political and policing troubles in the North-East can be blamed for such daylight robbery, other states have no alibi. In terms of loss to the exchequer, Uttar Pradesh fares the worst, followed by Left-ruled West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.

In 2006-07, Rs 3,289.71 crore worth of rice and wheat was stolen in UP. The corresponding figure in West Bengal was Rs 1,913.76 crore and in MP, Rs 1,038.69 crore. While the percentage of diversion may be lower than the NorthEast, the sheer volume of rice and wheat distributed in these states helps black-marketeers make a killing.


Posted in West Bengal | Leave a Comment »

Condemn the arrest and illegal detention of com. Santhosh

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

K. Srinivas Reddy

HYDERABAD: Maoists have alleged that the Andhra Pradesh police had been illegally detaining Santosh, a senior member of the Central Technical Committee of the naxalite party, who was believed to be taken into custody in Mumbai on August 24.

In a statement here on Monday, Maoist spokesperson Azad alleged that the Special Intelligence Branch of the Andhra Pradesh police had picked up Santosh from his rented house in Mumbai.

Condemning the arrest and illegal detention, Mr. Azad demanded that he be produced in a court of law immediately. Apprehending threat to the life of Santosh, the Maoist leader warned of retaliatory attacks if any harm was done to him. He warned that the ruling party leaders would have to pay a price for any harm done to Santosh.

Charge dismissed

Meanwhile, contacted by The Hindu, a senior police officer dismissed the Maoists’ charge as baseless.

Posted in Andrapredesh | Leave a Comment »

Nepal Maoists quit government

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

The CPN (Maoist) has decided to quit the government as eight-party leaders failed to forge consensus on its demands.

Maoist ministers submitted their resignation to Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala as soon as the meeting of top leaders of four major ruling allies ended in a deadlock. The leaders had been engaged in hectic parleys from early morning today.

All four Maoist ministers – Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Dev Gurung, Hisila Yami and Khadga Bishwokarma – were at Baluwatar when the top leaders’ meeting was underway. They left Baluwatar at around 12:30 pm after submitting their resignation to the Prime Minister.

Leaders and intermediaries were engaged in bilateral and multilateral discussions since last couple of days in their attempt to convince the Maoist leaders not to announce departure from the coalition government.

PM Koirala has ‘rejected’ two key Maoist demands: announcement of republic before the polls and proportional representation-based election system.

The CPN-M is organising a mass meeting this afternoon at the Open Air Theatre from where it is announcing its exit from the government and the launching of nationwide protest movement. mk Sep 18 07

Posted in Nepal | Leave a Comment »

West Bengal: Bullets fly as villagers tell comrades: Give us grain, not nuclear nonsense

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

Durgapur, Sept. 16: Villagers faced with a food shortage today stormed a CPM nuclear-deal protest and beat up leaders, saying they wanted rice and not mumbo-jumbo on a subject they didn’t understand.

A mob of about 1,000 from the Bankura village — a CPM stronghold — then fought police with bombs and stones, prompting firing by the force that injured a schoolboy of 16 and a 23-year-old man.

The violence, coming at a time snap polls look a possibility, may confirm the Bengal CPM’s deepest fears. The state unit, which has to fight elections, favours caution while taking a decision on toppling the UPA government over the nuclear deal in contrast to the party’s central leaders, who have never contested polls.

A dozen villagers from Radhamohanpur, 250km from Calcutta, had come to the “anti-imperialism” meeting around 10am to complain to the CPM leaders against hoarding by ration-shop owners.

They erupted when panchayat chief Pabitra Mondal — who was on the dais trying to convince a crowd of 200 daily wagers about the dangers of the 123 Agreement — tried to shoo them away.

One man jumped on the dais, snatched the microphone and began abusing the assembled CPM leaders. “We’ll teach you a lesson. You can’t give us rice and wheat, instead you talk mumbo-jumbo. We don’t understand the nuclear deal, give us food,” he screamed. “Maar shalader maar (beat them up).”

The words will worry state CPM secretary Biman Bose, who has admitted that the anti-nuclear deal line lacks the force of bread-and-butter issues and will be difficult to sell to an electorate. This afternoon, he said he hadn’t heard about the incident but would find out what happened.

The news, however, spread fast across Bankura and violent protests against ration dealers were reported from elsewhere in the district, too.

In Radhamohanpur, news of the clash at the meeting drew men and women out of their homes, armed with sticks, knives, burning torches and even brooms. The dais, party banners and festoons were soon in flames.

“I had never seen a mob so angry. They dragged me from the dais and beat me. I ran to the panchayat office but they dragged me and four others out and beat us,” Mondal said.

The police were driven out as soon as they arrived. A bigger team, together with the Rapid Action Force, later caned the mob and rescued the CPM leaders. The police said the villagers regrouped and hurled bombs and stones, injuring an officer and four others.

“We were forced to fire three rounds,” said Bishnupur subdivisional police officer Dyutiman Bhattacharjee. The villagers claimed the police fired at least 20 rounds.

A bullet pierced the left hand of Sudhamoy Kandal and entered his stomach. Another hit schoolboy Tapas Pal.

Nine other villagers, injured in the baton-charge, are in hospital. Ten have been held.

Arjun Mondal, 30, a farmer, said: “We didn’t get rice or wheat from the ration shops for nearly a year. The dealers sell in the black market with CPM backing.”

Although Sonamukhi, the area in which Radhamohanpur falls, is a known CPM stronghold, local party officials blamed the Trinamul Congress, BJP and Maoists for the violence. Trinamul leaders denied the charge.


Posted in West Bengal | 2 Comments »

West Bengal: Rags to riches, thanks to big rice belly – No grain in outlet, godown full,

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

Bankura, Sept. 17: Fazal Haque Mullick lived in a thatched house 20 years ago. He has a three-storey mansion now.

Two other things have changed in between: he has become a ration dealer and an avowed CPM supporter.

He had not sold any wheat, rice or sugar through his shop in the past year, fooling villa- gers by saying the government had stopped supplying them. When around 60 villagers raided his house today, there were sacks full of them in a godown behind the main building.

“Fazal had fooled us. He told us the government had stopped supplying rice, wheat and sugar to ration shops and that only kerosene was available. For that, too, he made us pay Re 1 more for every litre,” said Moktar Hossain, 50, a farmer.

“Now we’ll snatch our food,” the villagers shouted while looting Fazal’s stocks.

Residents of Chandai Bagan village in Borjora alleged that Fazal, who used to be a daily labourer after being driven out of his house for marrying against his parents’ wishes, obtained the ration shop licence a couple of decades ago.

Even children made a beeline for the treasure trove today and mopped up the rice and wheat that had spilled on the ground.

Realising the mood in the village last night, Fazal had fled his house with his family early this morning.

Only his younger sister, Amija Bibi, was sitting in the courtyard in a corner of the house and crying.

“Fazal became a CPM supporter and rich in front of us. He also set up a rice retail shop for his son, Fine Haque Mullick,” said Bablu Sardar.

The villagers had no option but to buy the same rice from the market, paying Rs 3 to Rs 4 more for every kilo. “Ration wheat costs Rs 6.75 a kg, but we paid Rs 9,” Bablu said.

“Is there anybody to help us?” Amija asked, sobbing.

Houses of at least 10 ration dealers were attacked today. Foodgrain stocked in Dinabandhu Dutta’s house at Saharjora was also looted.

At Kotalpukur, Narayan Dutta fired from his revolver at the mob pelting his house with stones.

“We repeatedly asked him why we were not getting our supplies and he said there was no supply,” said Debashis Sarkar, 40, a grocer.

Narayan’s ground-floor godown was looted last night.

District officials refused to admit any fault on their part. “We always investigated complaints. We have suspended 16 ration dealers in Bankura over the past month,” district ration controller Himadri Shekhar Das said.

He admitted, though, that the vigil was lax. “Of the 80 inspector posts, 49 are vacant. So we cannot maintain proper vigil on the dealers,” said Das.

Bankura CPM secretary Amiya Patra blamed the government for the crisis at an all-party meeting called by district magistrate Surendra Gupta today and distanced his party from the dealers. “We knew that a section of ration dealers were corrupt and had lodged complaints against them. But the government didn’t take action,” Patra said.

The Left Front will discuss the rage over the ration mess tomorrow.


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West Bengal: Ration rage spills over

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

Durgapur, Sept. 16: The Bankura rice rage is spreading.

Two more ration dealers were attacked in Bankura hours after villagers broke up an “anti-imperialism” meeting and roughed up CPM leaders in Sonamukhi for ignoring complaints against “corrupt” suppliers.

Trouble spread to Kotalpukur in Borjora, around 50km from Sonamukhi, around 6.30pm when 250 villagers marched to local ration dealer Narayan Dutta’s house. Armed with bows and arrows, spears and axes, they surrounded the house.

“Come out, you corrupt ration dealer. Over the past one year, you have blackmarketed all our ration supplies of rice and wheat. We will do to you what the villagers have done to CPM leaders in Sonamukhi,” police quoted the villagers as shouting.

“Dutta panicked and took out his licensed revolver and opened fire on the mob. Five persons were injured,” said Shyamashish Roy, the subdivisional officer (Sadar), Bankura.

Soon, the crowd outside swelled to 2,000 and the villagers ordered Dutta to come out.

Some villagers opted for a dialogue from the Mithun Chakraborty-starrer, Minister Phatakeshto: “Marbo ekhaney, lash porbey shashaney (We will kill you here and the body will fall in the graveyard).”

“Dutta was scared and locked himself up in his two-storey house with wife and daughter. They threatened to set his house on fire,” a police officer said.

A police team was rushed from Borjora police station but the force was inadequate. The police retreated and tried to pacify the crowd through a jeep-mounted public address system.

Eventually, the Rapid Action Force had to be called in. But the villagers relented only after a senior officer assured them that Dutta would be arrested.

Dutta soon came out and the police whisked him to the police station in a jeep. A police squad has been stationed at Dutta’s house to protect his family.

In another incident in Gopalpur village, also in Borjora, about 400 villagers surrounded the two-storey house of local ration dealer Fazrur Rahman around 7.30pm.

They broke open the door, dragged him out of the house and beat him up, charging him with smuggling out rice and wheat supplies and selling them in the black market.

The villagers then stormed a godown in the ground floor and looted grain. The police eventually rescued Fazrur from the mob and took him to the station.

Bankura district magistrate Surendra Gupta has convened an all-party meeting tomorrow.

Bankura police has issued an alert across the district.


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Nearly 350 women tortured, 11 raped in Nandigram on March 14: Report

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 18, 2007

Kolkata, Sept. 18 (PTI): Six months after the Nandigram violence, an independent forum of NGOs on Monday claimed that 348 women were subjected to various kinds of atrocities, including rape and sexual torture, during the March 14 police firing on villagers that left 14 dead.

“We have found that 274 women were physically tortured, 46 had their modesty violated, 17 sexually tortured and 11 raped,” former State Land Reforms Secretary, Debabrata Bandopadhyay, said while releasing a preliminary survey report on the Nandigarm incident conducted by ‘Sameekshak Samannay,’ an open platform of NGOs from various domains.

“Altogether 244 people including 57 women, received injuries from bullets, rubber bullets, fibre rods, batons, rifle butts, tear gas shells and bombs. Four persons, including one woman, still remained missing,” he said.

Bandopadhyay claimed the survey revealed that there were at least five non-police associates of the police at Nandigram, and they were also involved in the attack on the villagers.

Stating that documents on the Nandigram incident fell short of giving a true picture of the extent of violence and the “organised atrocities on women,” he said the new survey would find out the number of people dead, injured or missing and number of women victims and the nature of violence on them.

The door-to-door survey was conducted during April and May by 47 investigators, including statisticians, in 2,763 households across 13 mouzas in Nandigram. The survey in the remaining 4,095 hosueholds would be taken up later.

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