Naxal Resistance

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Archive for September 6th, 2007

Stop salwa judum campaign: Jogi

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007

Source: Bhumkal

Staff Reporter

“Naxal issue needs political and social solution”

NEW DELHI: Expressing concern over “a civil-war like situation” created by Government-supported ‘salwa judum’ campaign in Chhattisgarh, former Chief Minister Ajit Jogi has said that the campaign should be stopped as there could be only a political and social solution to the naxal issue .

He was speaking at ‘Peoples’ convention on salwa judum: civil war in Chhattisgarh,’ organised by Campaign for Peace and Justice in Chhattisgarh here on Tuesday. Though the intention of the campaign was good, its implementation has led to unbridled exercise of power, violence, bloodshed, exploitationand “jungle raj.”

The Bharatiya Janata Party has “unleashed its plans” of creating a foothold in the State through the campaign, Mr. Jogi said.

“People are moved from their own villages and forced to live in camps. Their culture is being destroyed ,” he said.

The media has no access to these areas and several leaders were unable to meet the people in the hinterland.

” If the families living in camps return to their villages, they will be attacked by extremists. Until the camps are dismantled, the civil-war like situation will continue,” Mr. Jogi said.

He also disputed the Government claim on spending nearly Rs.70 lakh every day in the camps. “The actual number of people housed is not more than 20,000 as against the 70,000 claimed.”

The Hindu

Posted in Salwajudam | Leave a Comment »

WITHDRAW POLAVARAM DAM PROJECT:SAVE THE HABITAT OF THE KOYAS

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007

Source: Bhumkal

The letter below has lot of significant today since 11 koya women were raped by the Armed Forces on India’s Independence Day that is 15 th August(what independence?we are still slaves) who are deployed in the POLAVARAM DAM area to suppress the Koya Movement against the Dam…

These innocent koya women and men are being termed as naxalite by the State Government just because they are trying to defend their land of thousands of year.Is fighting for your rights qualifies you as a naxalite???

The letter………….


Lokayan Bulletin 11:5, 1995 (pp 82 -86)


APPEAL To Withdraw Polavaram Dam

We, the people of eight villages of Motu Tehsil (Malkangiri district, Orissa), Konta Tehsil (Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh) and Chintur Mandal (Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh), are writing this letter to, the Chief Secretary/ Chief Minister of Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh. We are Koitor (Koya, a scheduled tribe) people living on the banks of the Godavari and its tributaries – Sileru and Sabari.

We have come to know that the AP government is planning to build a large dam across the Godavari river at Polavaram, and that the governments of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh have given consent to it. We have also learnt that the AP government is giving utmost importance to this project and that it is awaiting clearances from the Central Water Commission, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Ministry of Welfare, etc.

We are highly displeased that the three state governments have been pursuing this project in secrecy from us – a project that threatens to take away our lands, homes, trees, places of worship and to disintegrate our society. We also believe that the AP government is trying to get all the clearances on the basis of false information. The information it is giving about displacement, the loss of assets, flora & fauna, and the opinion of the people in the submergence area are false.

The project authorities are claiming the submergence of 250 settlements in three states. Actually, around 365 settlements would be affected. A recent study by the Centre for Economic and Social Studies, Hyderabad, made for the AP Irrigation Department, identified 276 settlements coming under submergence in AP alone. The claims of the benefits of the project are also shifting – first, it was primarily to irrigate lands in East & West Godavari districts which are relatively well irrigated, and now the AP government says that it is mainly for power generation. We, the people of the region that is going to be submerged by the Polavaram project declare that we are not in favour of this dam and that we have never given our consent to it.

We do not approve of this project for the following reasons:

1. The project which threatens to submerge about 350 settlements at 150 ft contour would disturb and destroy our habitat and our collective identity and life as Koya people. It would displace about two lakh people out of which the tribal population is around 1,25,000.

2. We, the Koya people, have been already affected adversely by several projects in the past. We have been subjected to severe pressures on our resources as well as dislocation by Dandakaranya Rehabilitation Project (Bangladeshi refugees), Machkund, Balimela project, Sileru Hydro – Electric project, etc. Any displacement or pressure on our habitat and resources would result in the disintegration of our tribe leading to the decimation of our culture and its people.

3. Our habitat is not a wasteland of poramboke as claimed by the Polavaram project authorities. We are not poor and primitive. We are being condemned to backwardness. We are peasants and we grow Jonna (sorghum), Makka jonna (maize), rice, mirch, tobacco, dal etc, of several varieties. We grow a variety of crops with bio-fertilisers and rain water. The crops we grow are not only free from poisonous chemicals, but also give good yields. We do not wish to allow the loss of livelihood and fertile lands.


4. We are people of the forest and nature. Forests are the abode of sacred spirits. They are the source and part of our economy- our daily food, agriculture, livestock, housing, implements; our belief system and worship; our song and dance; and our life world.Our practices, lifestyles and beliefs protect nature and are shaped by it. We have festivals for the produce of all plants – Chikkudu pandum, Pacha pandum, Ippa pandum, Bhoomi pandum. We consume vegetables, cereals, pulses, mohua and several other things only after conserving the same for the next season.We do not like to lose our life dependent on nature for one based on and dictated by money.

5. We do not approve of the project also because it has violated our right to decide how we like to live. Projects that affect life and the future of our children and the tribe as a whole cannot be decided by anybody other than us. That some governments attempt to do so is a violation of our fundamental right and we reject such acts.

6. We also declare that it is highly improper for any government to keep this project a secret from the people it affects and not to take our opinion and consent. It is not ethical, moral, and constitutional. This is more so in the light of:

1. The Draft National Policy on Rehabilitation of Displaced Persons as a Consequence of Land Acquisition prepared by the Ministry of Rural Development and submitted to the Cabinet, and,

2. The Dilip Sing Bhuria Commission (constituted by the Government of India) on draft legislation for tribals areas harmonising the provisions of the 5, 6, 11 and 12 Schedules of the Constitution. Both suggest a participatory and democratic mode of decision making about any project on the basis of full knowledge of the project.

7. Our settlements are on the banks of the Godavari and its tributaries. We do not have water for irrigation. We do not have safe drinking water supply. Many of our villages do not have electrification. Our children do not have schools to get primary education. Schools, if there are, do not function. Many of the irrigation schemes proposed for our lands have not been taken up at all.

Those taken up have not been completed (i.e., Potteru canal, lift irrigation schemes in Motu & Konta areas, etc.)We request the State Governments to provide us with basic amenities of safe drinking water, roads, health facilities, lift irrigation for our fields without further delay. 8. We request the State Governments and other bodies related to the developmental activities in our region and/ or Polavaram project to consider our appeal favourably and help us preserve our culture, identity, collective life and help us prosper without displacement.

1. Mrs. Sode Bayamma, Sarpanch, Motu, Malkangiri Dt., Orissa

This Appeal vas drafted and approved on March 18, 1995 at a regional meeting held at Motu village, Malkangiri district. It was translated by Bharath Bhushan.For further details of the campaign against displacement and the Polavaram Dam, contact:R Shanta Rao, Chatti, Chintur Mandal, Khamman-507126; M. Bharath Bhushan, Kranthi Dhamam, Rahmath Nagar, Hyderabad – 500045

source- koyatoor

Posted in Polavaram Dam | Leave a Comment »

Who are Naxalites

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007


Thursday, September 06, 2007 12:32:18 IST
What they are and what they do. CHARUL SHAH takes us into the grim world of Naxalites


–Select– News Sports Diary Editorials In Mumbai Opinions Special Report Lakme Fashion Week The Uppercrust Show Special Section Books Film Review Business 22nd Anniversary Melody Saloon Afternoon Buffet Health Check Business Extra Woman’s Extra Bombay First Show Buzz Celebrity Interviews Art Attack Guest Column Stray Thoughts A Mother Round and About Books Eating Out Politics Internet Humour Tarotscope Asit Chandmal Dr.Shirin Wadia Mehraboon Irani
for :

The Naxalites, also sometimes called the Naxals, is a loose term used to define groups of people, waging a violent struggle on behalf of landless labourers and tribal people against landlords and others. The Naxalites say they are fighting oppression and exploitation to create a classless society. Their opponents say the Naxalites are terrorists oppressing people in the name of a class war.
The Naxalites claim to represent the most oppressed people in India, those who are often left untouched by India’s development and bypassed by the electoral process. Invariably, they are the Adivasis, Dalits, and the poorest of the poor, who work as landless labourers for a pittance, often below India’s mandated minimum wages.
The most prominent area of operation is a broad swathe across the very heartland of India, often considered the least developed area of this country. The Naxalites operate mostly in the rural and Adivasi areas, often out of the continuous jungles in these regions. Their operations are most prominent in (from North to South) Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, eastern Maharashtra, the Telangana (north-western) region of Andhra Pradesh, and western Orissa. It will be seen that these areas are all inland, from the coastline.
The criticism against Naxalites is that despite their ideology, they have gradually become just another terrorist outfit, extorting money from middle-level landowners (since rich landowners invariably buy protection), and worse, even extorting and dominating the lives of the adivasis and villagers who they claim to represent in the name of providing justice.
The earliest manifestation of the movement was the Telengana Struggle in July 1948 (100 years after the Paris Communes were first set up, coining the word Communist). This struggle was based on the ideology of China’s Mao Zedong, with the aim of creating an Indian revolution. Not surprisingly, the ideology remains strong in this region of Andhra Pradesh.
The Naxalite movement took shape after some members of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) split to form the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), after the former agreed to participate in elections and form a coalition government in West Bengal. Charu Mazumdar led the split. The peasant uprising against the oppressor landlords was organised and led by Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal. Mazumdar was the chief ideologue of what has been described as the first authentic Maoist phenomenon in India.
The Naxalite movement takes its name from a peasant uprising, which took place in May 25 1967 at Naxalbari – a place on the north-eastern tip of India situated in the state of West Bengal. A section of the CPI (M) leaders and cadres having disagreement with the politics pursued by the party magnified the movement. It started with a movement on the demand for recovery of benami land, that is, land held under false names unlawfully and distribution of the same to the landless and poor peasants. At that time, the First United Front Government of which the SUCI was a constituent was in power in West Bengal. Under the leadership of their ideologue, a 49-year old Communist, Charu Mazumdar, they defined the objective of the new movement as ‘seizure of power through an agrarian revolution’. The strategy was the elimination of the feudal order in the Indian countryside to free the poor from the clutches of the oppressive landlords.

How do they operate?
Naxalism has survived in India since the late sixties in one form or the other. In the early seventies it had gripped Calcutta city and a reign of terror had prevailed. Much blood was shed before it was firmly crushed, just before the Bangladesh (liberation) war. However, the movement survived on Mao’s tactics- “Retreat when the enemy attacks, rest and regroup when the enemy is strong and attack when the enemy rests”. Thus while they retreated in West Bengal, they gained strength in Andhra and Bihar and grew roots in Orissa, Maharashtra and in the new states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. They have established Regional Bureaus in all the southern states as well as in U.P, Delhi and Haryana. They aim at crippling the economic centres, the political and technological centres, the minerally rich pockets and at overthrowing the established system of governance. The professed aims and objectives as well as the means are similar to that of any extremist organisation. The Naxalites feed on neglect and ignorance, and the only means to counter them is through knowledge, action and constant vigil.
In the whole organisation structure, one can find a clear distinction between the political and military wings of the outfit.

The administration:
On the political side, the organisational hierarchy consists of the Central Committee at the top, and then follows Regional Bureaus, Zonal or State Committees, District or Division Committees and Squad Area Committees respectively. Apart from that bellow the Central Committee there is a polite bureau, which consist 13 members and they are the people who make policy decisions.

The armed force:
The military functions under a single operational command, the Central Military Commission. In the Indian State where it has a presence, there is a State Military Commission and in special guerrilla zones, there is a Zonal Military Commission. A Regional Military Commission supervises a group of State Military Commissions or Zonal Military Commissions. Each Regional Military Commission reports to the Central Military Commission.

Active groups
Maoist Communist Centre (MCC)
The outfit came into existence, in its earlier version, on October 20, 1969, as Dakshin Desh. When the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) was formed with the merger of several Maoist groups in 1969, one left-wing extremist group, Dakshin Desh, did not join and decided to retain its independent identity. In 1975, the outfit was renamed as the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC). Like other left wing extremist groups, the purported objective of the MCC is to establish a ‘people’s government’ through ‘people’s war’. It traces its ideology to the Chinese Communist leader Mao Tse Tung’s dictum of organised peasant insurrection.

People’s War Group (PWG)
The People’s War Group was formed in Southern Indian State of Andhra Pradesh on April 22, 1980 by Kondapalli Seetharamaiah, one of the most influential Naxalite leaders in the State and a member of the erstwhile Central Organising Committee of the Communist Party of India––Marxist-Leninist, (CPI-ML). The PWG’s operations commenced in Karimnagar district, in the North Telengana region of Andhra Pradesh, and subsequently spread to other parts of the State as well as in other States. The PWG traces its ideology to the Chinese leader Mao Tse Tung’s theory of organised peasant insurrection. It rejects parliamentary democracy and believes in capturing political power through protracted armed struggle based on guerrilla warfare. This strategy entails building up of bases in rural and remote areas and transforming them first into guerrilla zones and then as liberated zones, besides the area-wise seizure and encircling cities. The eventual objective is to install a “people’s government” through the “people’s war”. In short, as the PWG claims, it wishes to usher in a New Democratic revolution (NDR).

People’s Guerrilla Army
The military wing of the People’s War Group (PWG), the People’s Guerrilla Army (PGA) was reportedly founded on December 2, 2000 in Bihar and Jharkhand and a month later, on January 2, 2001, in Andhra Pradesh, somewhere in dense Dandakaranya forests in the North Telengana Region, by reorganising its guerrilla force.

Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
The Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCC) and the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People’s War (also known as the People’s War Group or PWG) merged to form a new entity, the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) on September 21, 2004, somewhere in the projected ‘liberated zone’. Officially, the merger was announced on October 14, 2004, by the PWG Andhra Pradesh ‘state secretary’, Ramakrishna, at a news conference in Hyderabad, on the eve of peace talks between the PWG and the State Government.
The CPI-Maoist intends to carry on the new “democratic revolution, which would remain directed against imperialism, feudalism and comprador bureaucratic capitalism.” The new party believes that the merger would cause “fear among the ruling classes” and would fulfil “the aspirations of the masses” for a strong revolutionary party that would usher in a “new democratic society” by advancing towards socialism and communism.

Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist) Janashakti
Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist) Janashakti or CPI (ML) Janashakti was formed on July 30, 1992 with the merger of seven communist groups. The seven groups were the CPI (ML) Resistance, one faction of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist), CPI (ML) Agami Yug, Paila Vasudev Rao’s CPI (ML), CPI (ML) [Khokan Majumdar Faction], Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (CCCR) and Communist Revolutionary Group for Unity (CRGU).

Maharashtra Foot prints:
According to the State Government, out of the 35 districts, Gadchiroli, Chandrapur, Bhandara, Gondia, Yavatmal and Nanded have been described as ‘Naxalite-prone’. All the six affected districts are located in the eastern belt of the State, lie contiguous with the Maoist-affected districts of Adilabad, Karimnagar and Nizamabad in Andhra Pradesh, Rajnandgaon, Bastar, Kanker and Dantewada in Chhattisgarh, and Balaghat in the State of Madhya Pradesh. Apart from such close proximity that has triggered a spillover effect in Maharashtra, the topography and the sheer economic backwardness of these districts have provided a fertile ground for Maoist operations. Fifteen Maoist dalams (squads) reportedly operate in Maharashtra.
The Union Ministry of Home Affairs Annual Report 2004-2005 notes: “In Maharashtra, while the level of Naxal violence increased by 15 per cent during 2004 as compared to 2003, the CPI ML-PW (Communist Party of India – Marxist Leninist – People’s War) continued to dominate the forest and mountainous tracts of Gadchiroli and Gondia Districts and made efforts to extend its influence to the districts of Chandrapur and Yavatmal.” Seven fatalities in Naxalite violence were recorded by the MHA Report in 2001; 29 in 2002; 31 in 2003; and 15 in 2004 (incidents of Naxalite related violence, however, rose from 75 in 2003 to 84 in 2004). In 2005, according to the Institute for Conflict Management database, 21 persons, including 15 SF personnel, 4 Maoists, and 2 civilians have died.

Three stages of revolution
According to the first scenario, Maoists would be strong in their traditional areas and government would make sure that they do not spread their influence to other places. Regular battles between Maoists and police forces would take place just like today. Mostly the Maoists would have great influence in three states: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and pockets of influence in other states.
In this kind of scenario, the Maoists would consolidate their hold in the newly acquired regions and may expand into new areas. Inevitably, the armed forces have to be used to tackle this problem. This would weaken the nation on the external front. Instead of taking advantage of the economic opportunities, India would be busy fighting for its stability. The most important cause for this scenario would be the neglect of the government(s) in creating nation wide
strategy to tackle Maoists. The current scenario is that we still do not know much about them and to some extend it is being neglected by the government.

Ideology
Ideologically, the Naxalites claim they are against India, as she exists currently. They believe that Indians are still to acquire freedom from hunger and deprivation and that the rich classes —landlords, industrialists, traders, etc — control the means of production. Their final aim is the overthrow of the present system, hence the targeting of politicians, police officers and men, forest contractors, etc. They strongly believe that the power will only flow from the battle of guns.
To achieve their goals, the Naxalites have invariably targeted landlords in the villages, often claiming protection money from them. Naxalites have also been known to claim ‘tax’ from the Adivasis and landless farmers in areas where their writ runs more than that of the government.
What started as a movement questioning and protesting against inequality and disparity has slowly degenerated into one surviving on extortion, torture and ill gotten wealth. Till date all the naxal victims have been police personnel, forest guards and in large numbers, the impoverished tribals. None of the contractors, businessmen or moneylenders have been targeted. The naxals have opposed roads, bridges and other public works in the villages saying that it would benefit the police more by providing access. They discourage the local boys from studying beyond class 9 and insist that each family sends one boy and one girl to join the dalam.

Naxalism In Maharashtra
The naxalite problem originated in Maharashtra when the Peoples War Group (PWG) from Andhra Pradesh entered bordering Sironcha taluka in the then Chandrapur (it is presently with the Gadchiroli district which was carved out of Chandrapur in 1983) district in 1980.The naxals played up the local grievances and exhorted the people to join the “Nav Janvadi Kranti”. They appealed to the people and exhorted them through song and dance groups termed as Jan Natya Mandals. Soon armed dalams appeared. With their Olive green uniform and their guns, they attracted some of the local youth to joining them.
There were voices of protest and one of the first acts of the armed dalam was to cut off the hand of Raju Master, a local school teacher for opposing them. Raju master was not killed so that he would serve as a living reminder of naxal brutality and terror .Till date the naxals have been using this method to spread fear and to procure recruits from the local populace.
At present, two districts, viz Gadchiroli and Gondia are declared completely naxal affected while parts of Chandrapur and Bhandara are also declared affected. As of date 17 dalams are active in Gadchiroli, 3 in Gondia and 3 in Chandrapur.The districts of Nanded, Yavatmal etc have their presence while Thane, Nandurbar and Nasik have their influence. Regular meetings by the overground support organizations are held in each of these districts as well as in Nagpur, Pune and Mumbai.
The ultimate aim of naxalism is to gain power through the barrel of the gun. Their desired centres of power in Maharashtra are not Gadchiroli and Gondia, but the big cities of Mumbai and Pune. The groundwork for this is being done with the naxal supporter and sympathizer, balladeer Gadar holding meetings among the slum dwellers of Pune. The topic for the meeting was the Khairlanji (caste) killings in distant Bhandara!.

Government Action
In Maharashtra a two pronged strategy of Police Action and Development has been used to counter naxalism. The State has a Surrender Policy which also entails a Rehabilitation Program. Public Contact programs like Jan Jagaran Melawas and Gram Bhets are held by the Police, village to village to create awareness among the population. These programs are participated in by the different Govt. Departments so that in effect governance moves closer to the masses. The State Government is also giving Rs.3 Lakh to each village in the affected area which declares Naxal Gaon Bandi, a kind of declared non-cooperation with the naxals. As a result Maharashtra has succeeded in curbing the spread of at least the violent part of the movement beyond the border districts of Gadchiroli and Gondia though the naxal movement here had started almost at the same time as it had begun in Andhra before encompassing almost ninety percent of that state.

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Now, STF headed by Col to kill Naxals

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007

6 Sep 2007, 0151 hrs IST,Amitabh Tiwari,TNN

RAIPUR: Frustrated by repeated attacks on an ill-trained and ill-equipped police force, Chhattisgarh is set to roll out the heavy artillery against Naxals. The state government has constituted a Special Task Force (STF), on the lines of Andhra Pradesh’s Greyhounds, headed by an Army officer.

DGP Chhattisgarh Vishwaranjan said around 4,000 crack personnel will be deployed with the STF. “The STF personnel will be provided with commando training and advanced weapons to launch an offensive against Maoist extremists inside the dense jungles. These highly-trained security personnel will be able to launch attacks against rebels,” he said.

“A serving officer of the rank of colonel, Rajnish Sharma, has been selected to command the STF. He will shortly resign from the Army and join Chhattisgarh Police,” the state police chief added. Sharma will have the rank of DIG.

The government is picking STF personnel from the existing police force. About 1,300 officers of the age group of 18-25 years have already been selected. The STF men are to be trained at the jungle warfare school at Kanker.

The decision to constitute the STF, is the latest attempt on the part of the Raman Singh government to tackle Maoist rebels who have hit the police and the rag-tag civil defence unit called Salva Judum almost at will.

Posted in Chhattisgarh, STF | 1 Comment »

Peoples Democratic Front of India

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007

We are reposting some old documents of PDFI  for archive.

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Andra Form Another killer Squad

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007

September 5, 2007: The Indian state of Andhra Pradesh is forming a special intelligence and commando unit to go after the Maoist rebels who have been a growing problem in eastern and southern India. There is already a national level organization for this, called the Greyhounds. This force has about 2,000 personnel. Half are dedicated to intelligence work and administration, while the other half are field operatives, who conduct surveillance, scouting and raids. The Andhra Pradesh organization will have a few hundred personnel and a similar organization. Members, recruited from the police, will be paid bonuses of up to 50 percent of the current police pay.

The Maoist troubles began in 1969, when a faction of the Communist Party of India got violent. In the last three years, Maoist violence has killed over 10,000 Maoists, civilians and security personnel. Many leftist politicians are in favor of a negotiated peace with the Maoists (who want to establish a communist dictatorship in India.)

Statistics on how many armed Maoist are out there are difficult to come by. The best estimates are that 15,000 armed Maoists are operating in eastern and southern India. The national police report that about five percent of the 8,000 police stations in the country report problems with Maoist violence. For the Maoists progress has obviously been slow. The number of violent incidents has been declining, from 453 for the first seven months of last year, to 399 for the same period this year. The death toll from these encounters is also down, from 306 to 259.

But the violence is growing in some areas, and Andhra Pradesh wants to make their Maoists go away as quickly as possible.

Strategy page

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China’s Nandigram

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007


Human Rights in China (HRIC) has learned of serious harassment, threats and brutal assaults over the past month against villagers in Liaoning Province who are protesting attempts by local officials to forcibly seize farmland for industrial development.–Here again as in West Bengal we see communists turned capitalists seizing good agricultural land for industrial capitalists. In the past Mao seized peasant land in the name of collectivist communism and now the Party is doing it in the name of consumerist capitalism. The more things change the more the remain the same.–WPA


September 4, 2007

Sources in China told HRIC that township and village officials wanted to attract investors to build steel factories in Zhaodaban, a village in Fuxin Town in the Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County, Fuxin City, Liaoning Province. Approximately 100 mu (about 16.5 acres) of land in the village was already fallow and available for development, but the scale of the proposed project required local officials to obtain another 500 mu (about 82.33 acres) of land that is currently under cultivation and supports around 80 households. In June 2007, the Fuxin township government and the Zhaodaban village committee offered to acquire land for a payment of 500 yuan per year per mu for an indefinite period. When a majority of the villagers rejected the offer, the township government reportedly sent out unidentified individuals to threaten and harass them. Even so, by late August, more than 30 households had still refused to sign the agreement.

According to HRIC’s sources, local officials then stepped up their harassment of villagers who refused to give up their land. On the evening of August 22, people wielding iron rods smashed the windows of villager Wang Yuge’s home and ransacked his belongings. Wang’s 13 year-old daughter was so terrified that she had to be admitted to a hospital for treatment. Wang Yuge reported the incident to the vice squad of the Fuxin County police on August 23, but the police said there was insufficient evidence for a criminal case.

Sources say that on the morning of August 25, Zhao Wenliang, secretary of the Fuxin Town Political-Legal Committee, arrived at Zhaodaban Village along with the son of township Party secretary Wang Haiou and some 200 firefighters and 100 other unidentified individuals. The group destroyed 400 mu of corn seedlings that were almost ready for planting, and villagers who attempted to intervene were harshly beaten. Villagers Zhang Yuting and Zhang Youzhi were reportedly beaten senseless and then dumped along a road a few meters away. Police officers who were present at the scene reportedly did nothing to stop the beatings, which were witnessed by hundreds of villagers, and calls by villagers to a public security hotline brought no response. Some villagers had the injured men taken to the county hospital, where they were still receiving treatment at last report.

Sources say that on September 3, township officials went to Zhang Youzhi’s home and offered to settle the dispute by giving him money for medical treatment, on the condition that he sign the land acquisition agreement. Zhang’s family refused the offer.

Following the violent confrontation on August 25 and subsequent threats, most villagers agreed to sign land acquisitions agreements. However, the households of Zhang Yuting, Zhang Yude, Zhang Youzhi, Wang Yusheng, Wang Yuge and one other have still refused to sign. Local officials have since mobilized friends and relatives of the recalcitrant villagers to try to change their minds, and Wang Yusheng was reportedly told that hundreds of thousands of yuan have been offered as a reward for taking his life. The six households have reported the situation to the online complaints system of the Central Committee for Discipline Inspection, but the only reply they have received is that the Committee “requires the Fuxin Mongolian Autonomous County, Fuxin City, Liaoning Province, to solve the problem.”

A representative of the six remaining households outlined their demands to HRIC: they do not want the annual payments of 500 yuan, but want the government to return their land and compensate them for the destroyed seedlings; they want the government to punish the individuals who attacked villagers on August 25, and to pay damages and medical costs to those who were injured; they want an apology from the government, and punishment of those who arranged for the destruction of the villagers’ seedlings.

HRIC deplores the use of physical violence, harassment and threats to force villagers to accept compensation in land acquisition deals imposed on them by the local government. Illegal land grabs by local officials in China have continued to increase in recent years, and are notable for the use of extra-legal forces to intimidate farmers and villagers. HRIC is concerned over reports that the Fuxin County police refused to record and properly investigate the damage to Wang Yuge’s house, or to intervene in the beatings of Zhang Yuting and Zhang Youzhi. HRIC calls on the Fuxin township government to immediately halt these tactics, which violate the villagers’ rights and detrimentally affect their livelihoods. HRIC also supports the efforts of the Zhaodaban villagers to obtain appropriate compensation for their land, and redress for the attacks on their persons and property

World prout Assembly

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Maoists set up techinical unit in Jharkhand

Posted by Indian Vanguard on September 6, 2007

Ranchi, Sep 5 Maoist rebels have set up central technical units (CTU) in Jharkhand to repair weapons and manufacture landmines and grenades.The units have been set up in four districts of the state, intelligence reports said. The outlawed Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) rebels have also set up a mobile CTU, which is shifted from one place to another, particularly in the jungles.‘The first CTU was established by Maoist rebels in Andhra Pradesh a few years ago.

CTU helps Maoists to get their weapons repaired,’ a police official involved in anti-Maoist operations told IANS.He said Maoist rebels have already appointed skilled persons having knowledge of repairing rifles, pistols, self-loading rifles, AK47s, AK56s etc.The CTUs have expertise in developing hi-tech landmines, grenades and other explosive materials used in detonating landmines. The four districts where CTUs have been set up are Ranchi, Lohadagga, Gumla and Latehar.

The mobile CTU operates in Saranda jungle, bordering Orissa and West Bengal.The state police headquarter has alerted the district police chiefs and asked them to launch operations to destroy these CTU units.Maoist rebels are active in 16 of the 22 districts in Jharkhand.

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