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Archive for April 25th, 2007

Five naxals, cop injured in Gadchiroli encounters

Posted by Indian Vanguard on April 25, 2007

GADCHIROLI: About five naxalites and a policeman are believed to have been injured in two separate encounters in Gadchiroli district on Tuesday. Police sources said that the naxals belonging to Diwakar and Tippagarh dalams were camping in the jungles of the district.

In the first incident, the naxals opened fire at two police parties of the anti-Naxal operations and one party of the police health centre at about 7 am near village Kamkote (Jufragad hill), Korchi tehsil on the Chhattisgarh border. The police returned the fire and the shootout lasted for about 20 minutes, police sources said.

An 8-mm rifle, detonators, detonator wires, a walkietalkie, battery charger, hand grenades, claymore mines, puttu (a bag containing articles of daily use by naxals) and literature were recovered from the spot. The police claimed to have injured two naxals in the incident.

Superintendent of police Shirish Jain and SDPO Ravindra Pardeshi visited the spot and the police have launched a massive combing operation.

In the other incident reported from Murumgaon area of Dhanora tehsil in Gadchroli district, the naxalites opened fire opened fire at 2.30 pm at two police parties of anti-naxal operations between Ravitola and Katematka villages.

The police exchanged fire for 20 minutes and policeman Prabudas Madavi received bullet injuries in the neck and hand.

He was rushed to the Gadchiroli civil hospital, where he is reported to be out of danger. The naxals, however, escaped into the jungle.

The police recovered Bharmar guns, 3 kg gelatin, 2 kg gunpowder, 20 live bullets, puttu and naxal literature. Given the blood stains at the spot, the police feel that at least three naxalites might have been injured in the exchange of fire.

The Times of India

Posted in Chhatisgadh, NEWS | Leave a Comment »

WB: ‘I was raped by policeman’

Posted by Indian Vanguard on April 25, 2007

Kolkata: A woman told officials probing the Nandigram killings in West Bengal that she was raped by a policeman on March 14 during a police attempt to crush protests by villagers against land acquisition.

Kajal Majhi of Kalicharanpur village in East Midnapore district made the allegation Tuesday to senior official Balbir Ram, appointed by the government to inquire into alleged police atrocities in Nandigram. Kajal reportedly said she was raped when the police entered Gokulnagar village in Nandigram, 150 kilometres from Kolkata, while the villagers were protesting against proposed land acquisition for a special economic zone (SEZ).

“We peacefully assembled in the village when police entered the area and tear-gassed us. When I went to wash my eyes, a policeman forced me inside a cattle shed and raped me and I fainted,” she said.

“I regained consciousness after a day. The local people first took me to the Nandigram hospital and then to the Tomluk district hospital. I came back home after 11 days of treatment,” she said. Pushpa Mondal, who suffered a bullet injury apparently in police firing, and Bhanu Das, father of a villager who was killed during the protests, were also present at Tuesday’s hearing. Fourteen people were killed and over 100 injured in violence in the area in March. (IANS)

Head Lines India

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Combined effort to curb Naxal menace in Karnataka

Posted by Indian Vanguard on April 25, 2007

BELLARY: It’s hunting time for both Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh police. Both have decided to take up joint combing operations against Naxals in border areas.

At a high-level meeting held recently in the city, they exchanged ideas and operational methods to catch criminals and Naxals. They have also decided to co-operate with each other to curb Naxal activities.

Naxals have been active in the border district of Bellary for past many decades. Hundreds of villages coming under 13 police stations are identified as naxal-prone.

On AP side, in areas like Kurnool, Ananthapur, Guntakal and Adoni, bordering Bellary, Naxalism has been in top gear. When AP police strengthened their activities, Naxals shifted to Bellary, said police officers.

According to the police, a few politicians and their relatives have been supporting Naxal activities in Bellary district. The son-in-law of a politician of the ruling coalition partner is closely associated with naxalite Ranga Reddy.

Ranga Reddy is notorious for his arms manufacturing and selling business, apart from involving in Naxal activities. He escaped from Bellary police a year back. But the police managed to seize a vehicle full of explosives and other arms.

Police suspect that over 30 Naxals have taken shelter in and around Bellary and the border villages of AP. They got information that these naxals have engaged themselves as fruit and vegetable vendors, sweepers and various other workers.

Lookout notices were posted at all police stations and villages of both states. Apart from combing operations, the police have taken up awareness programmes among youths, in particular. This has helped contain Naxal activities to some extent, said SP, Bellary, Amrit Paul.

Meanwhile, the Police Department suspects that Ranga Reddy is hiding either in Kerala or Tamil Nadu. Also, the police have been searching for the other two wanted persons, Seetharama Gowda and Thippeshi of Kudligi, the SP added.

Posted in Karnataka, NEWS | Leave a Comment »

Maoists training children as guerrillas-India

Posted by Indian Vanguard on April 25, 2007

DANTEWADA (Chhattisgarh): Maoists here have ordered pregnant women to deliver only at makeshift camps run by women guerrillas so that the children can dedicate themselves to extreme left ideology.

“Pregnant women have been ordered to deliver only under the guidance of health experts of the Krantikari Adivasi Mahila Sangh,” said Yelam, a 32-year-old Maoist leader, in the Abujhmad forest in Dantewada district.

The Sangh comprising women guerrillas is one of the frontal organisations of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist).

“The children, boys or girls, will be enrolled as new cadres and will be brought up in a culture that will help fulfil the long-awaited dream of liberating the red zone,” he added. Police say the 20,000 armed Maoists who operate in India have formed the ‘red zone’ from southern India to Nepal’s border.

“The decision is intended to keep reminding these children as they grow up that they are born to the cause of Maoist ideology and the creation of the red zone,” said Yelam, who belongs to Indravati Dalam, an affiliate of the CPI-Maoist in Chhattisgarh.

The CPI-Maoist, an outfit formed in late 2005 with the merger of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) and People’s War Group (PWG), has a strong presence and terror network in 13 of India’s 29 states.

“Our influence and support base is fast widening as police lack local support and their intelligence set up has entirely collapsed.”

The CPI-Maoist has set up several war training camps and explosive units in a forested stretch of Chhattisgarh’s southern region of Bastar where they virtually run a parallel government.

The guerrillas have killed hundreds of civilians and policemen and bombed government buildings and establishments since 1967 when they launched an armed movement from a West Bengal village.

The rebels carried out one of the deadliest attacks of their four-decade-old armed struggle March 15 on a police camp in Chhattisgarh, killing 55 policemen.

According to a report by the Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR), a total of 749 people were killed in India in 2006 in Maoist violence, with Chhattisgarh accounting for 48 per cent of the casualties.

The ACHR has said in its latest report that the state has reported 101 of the total 144 casualties of Maoist violence in India from January to March this year

The Times of India

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Chhattisgarh Police fudged data to project win against Naxals

Posted by Indian Vanguard on April 25, 2007

RAIPUR, APRIL 23 : It now appears that fudged figures submitted by the police may be one of the reasons why Chhattisgarh is losing its battle against Maoist rebels.

A confidential internal report prepared by the Chhattisgarh Police says various police districts in the state have been over-reporting encounter deaths, while the weapons recovered during surrenders are practically unusable ones.

The report prepared under the guidance of Inspector General (Naxal Operations and Special Investigations Bureau) Girdhari Nayak and submitted to Director General of Police O P Rathore was commissioned to analyse each encounter in 2006, detailing the number of Naxals killed, weapons recovered, where and when the encounters took place and how the police reacted. However, it has ended up raising several questions about police conduct.

However, the report is unlikely to be put forth for government inspection as senior officers are said to be trying to cover up the findings. Home Minister Ram Vichar Netam, when contacted, said he won’t be able to comment as he had not seen the report.

While the police claim to have carried out 325 encounters with the Leftist guerrillas in 2006, killing 250 Naxalites, the report points out that the security apparatus is not able to explain why only 69 bodies could be recovered. Apart from the 325 encounters, the police also says 1,582 Naxalites and Sangham members surrendered during the sm period. But the weapons they have deposited are far from sophisticated. The Chhattisgarh Police, in fact, was able to recover just one AK-47 rifle, three SLRs, one US Carbine, one stengun, one revolver, one mortar, 28 hand grenades and two wireless sets in the entire year.

An overwhelming number of recoveries shown after encounters and surrenders in fact comprised muzzle-loaded guns (86), 135 bore rifles (15), .12 bore rifles (14), .303 rifles (9), country-made pistols (9), various kinds of landmines, including pressure mines, tiffin bombs (345) and detonators (383). Even senior police officers have questioned the weapon recoveries. “If the police are to be believed, then the Leftist guerrillas are inflicting heavy casualties on security forces with outdated weapons. This is a ridiculous claim, proved wrong by last month’s attack at Rani Bodli, where 55 security personnel were killed,” a senior police officer said, pointing out that AK-47s, carbines, hand grenades, SLRs and IEDs were a few of the sophisticated weapons used by Naxals during the attack.

A senior police officer, who was part of the team that analysed the encounter data, also confirms that less than 10 per cent of the weapons recovered from anti-Naxal operations were in functional condition. Questions have also been raised about the high number of muzzle-loaded guns being recovered after such encounters. Interestingly, these muzzle-loaders are generally used by the tribal population living in Naxal-affected districts for hunting.

The highest number of encounters took place in Bijapur police district (160), followed by Dantewara (60), Narayanpur (35), Kanker (25), Bastar (16), Balrampur (14), Rajnandgaon (8), Jashpur (2), and Sarguja and Surajpur (one each).

Sources say the misrepresentation of facts—reporting higher number of Naxalites killed in encounters—are part of efforts by officials to secure gallantry medals or out-of-turn promotions. However, while the internal assessment has implicated the police department as a unit, it has failed to fix responsibility for such malpractices and misrepresentation of facts and not even a single officer has been named for departmental inquiry.

Despite repeated attempts, DGP Rathore was unavailable for comment. Chhattisgarh has the worst record in tackling Maoist insurgency in the country, with about 150 security personnel and over 300 civilians losing their lives last year alone. And this isn’t the first time that allegations of fake encounters and surrenders have been levelled against the Chhattisgarh Police.

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Taking on Naxals and benefiting from it

Posted by Indian Vanguard on April 25, 2007

SONEBHADRA, APRIL 24: On entering the Naxalite-affected areas of Chandauli, Sonebhadra and Mirzapur your fear will be forgotten for a while. Some of the best village roads in Uttar Pradesh, including the road to Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav’s home Safai, run through these areas. Smooth roads cutting through forests, alongside the Vindhyas and the Gaderia river, are some of the most picturesque views in the Purvanchal the so-called ‘Red Corridor’, and the hills, the forests and the clusters of huts in a distance could be Naxalite hideouts.

But the districts fall

Two weeks ago, a Maoist commander Sanjay Kol—carrying a reward of Rs 1 lakh for his arrest—was killed in an encounter. On Sunday, his wife was picked up by the police. And the fight, what the Maoists describe as state oppression and the government calls terrorism, has led poor tribals to believe that the way out of the situation would be through political empowerment and development.

One such person is Dashrath Kol, Sanjay Kol’s father, who is now contesting from the Robertsganj (Reserved) seat on a Rashtriya Samanta Dal ticket. The older Kol is said to have suffered at the hands of authorities because of his son. But according to some in the Madhupur kasba of Sonebhadra, where the family stays, Sanjay was killed while trying to muster support for his father. Maoist sympathisers do not agree and have called for an election boycott in Chandauli, Sonebhadra and Mirzapur.

“The Maoists are not a threat to common people. Their fight is only with the police,” said Ram Dular, a local. He could be right, for the area is remarkably incident free. The only signs of threat are the police armoured vehicles.

Local CPI(M-L) leaders, often mistaken by villagers and the police for Naxalites, say some of the Maoist cadre are joining them. CPI(M-L) activist Prashant Shukla said after the mainstream Indian Left lost support in the area about 15 years ago, their place was taken by the Maoists.

“We are intervening in the area and some of the Maoist cadre have joined us. Even though there is hype about the Maoist terror, there isn’t much truth in it. But this hype is fetching the police and the administration a lot of funds from the Centre,” he said.

Party General Secretary Dipankar Bhattacharyya, who was campaigning in Robertsganj on Monday, said his party has put up 33 candidates in the three districts. According to him, the party is getting reasonable support.

Sonebhadra Superintendent of Police Raghuvir Lal said he has tried to fight the Maoist terror by holding camps with the local people. He has asked his men to establish good relations with villagers by promising them development. The two-pronged approach, to continue with combing operations while trying to inculcate confidence in people, has begun to pay off. “We promise a fair trial to the Maoists who want to surrender. I can tell you that no further recruitment is taking place,” Lal said.

The local population has little time for either the Maoists or the police. The school in Madhupur does function and the teachers are regular, but other facilities barely exist. The hospital is actually a dispensary. The farmers have had a bad year because of an acute water problem and the high cost of fertilisers. Even if they manage to sow their fields, they are hit by the water shortage. The power crisis is overwhelming.

The police, who have the best facilities, which they demand for their fight against the Maoists, say it is endemic: the usual pattern is they get power during the day for a week, and for the next at night.

The districts, where candidates are rarely seen and top political leaders almost never visit, will go to polls on May 3. During election time, talks here focus on the development that has taken place using funds meant for curbing the Naxal menace. Akhileshwar Singh, the village pradhan of Dhansaria in Mirzapur, about 50 km from Madhupur, says: “In the name of fighting Naxalites, a lot of development has taken place in our area. We have good roads and are giving BPL cards to the poor. The police are now better equipped to fight Naxalites.”

The ground reality is that apart from the roads, development is taking place only in pockets. One such example is the upcoming Benaras Hindu University South Campus named after late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. The campus is spread over an area of 2,800 acres in Mirzapur. Petrol pumps are coming up right in the centre of what the police will call the ‘Maoist area’. There are branches of the Triveni Kshetriya Gramin Bank in villages and the NREGA has been implemented in the districts.

The police have gained the most, and all police stations in the area have armoured vehicles and better arms. Sabhajit Pandey, the police post in-charge at Rajgarh, says the police feel more confident now. They do not want a repeat of the November 2004 Maoist attack in Chandauli, in which 13 security personnel were killed. That was in retaliation of the killing of 14 Maoists in Bhawanipore in 2001.

As you drive out of the Naxal belt, you realise the importance of caste. Surely for all the talk of development, the alienation of the lower caste is evident. The Maoists, perhaps, still have a constituency after all.

Posted in NEWS, Uttar pradesh | Leave a Comment »

State Terror Cannot be Challenged and Defeated Through Anarchist Actions: CPI-ML Kanu Sanyal

Posted by Indian Vanguard on April 25, 2007

the CPI(Maoist) action on 15th March at Rani Bodili in Dantewada district fully exposes its anarchist line and calls for severe condemnation. Instead of exposing, challenging and defeating the state terror by mobilising the masses, it is totally counter-productive as it has given further excuse for deploying 8000 more para-military forces in Bastar district alone to intensify the state terror.

We have repeatedly pointed out how the ‘Maoists” (who bring bad name to Mao Tsetung by calling their Lin Biaoist line as Maoism) even after their more than two decades of presence in Bastar districts have failed to organise the adivasis and others in the region in democratic mass organisations and to politicalise them. Their squads like the state forces are also working as overlords negating the Mao’s concept that “it is the people, people alone who create history”. In spite of claiming to enjoy immense mass support, they could never prove it as they are boycotting all other forms of struggles including parliamentary ones, sticking to squad actions as the only forms of struggle. It is by utilising this situation the reactionary state deployed large contingents of para-military forces who are terrorising the people. Besides Salwa Judum was launched with the collaboration of BJP and Congress activists with the state forces to make the adivasis to fight each other. CPI(ML) Chhattisgarh committee has played leading role in criticising these state policies and mobilising public opinion against it. At the same time it had repeatedly called on the ‘Maoists’ to pursue mass line and to mobilise the masses for anti-state struggles.

This is a time when the peasantry and other sections of people in the seven villages of neighbouring Rajnandgaon district have formed Kisan Morcha and is waging successful mass resistance to the SEZ imposed there threatening to deprive their agricultural land to them. This resistance has spread to Dagori area in Bilaspur district also where another SEZ is notified. People are even boycotting the leaders of BJP and Congress and all those who support the SEZ. It is at a time when such a people’s upsurge is taking place and when CPI(ML) along with democratic forces are playing leading role in it, the ‘Maoists’ have indulged in this anarchist action.

As a result along with thousands of para-military forces, even military specialists and helicopters are deployed in the region. This brutal state force in the name of taking revenge has launched a ‘kill all, rape all, loot everything’ campaign. The mariya tribe which allegedly helped the ‘Maoists’ are especially targeted for oppression. The killing of 39 SPOs who were tribal youth recruited for Salwa Judum under duress is utilised to make the adivasis to fight each other. As a result thousands of adivasi families are fleeing the area to neighbouring AP, Maharashtra districts. The ‘Maoists’ action neither reduced state terror nor benefitted the people. It has only intensified the misery of the masses.

Besides it is used by the state as a pretext to attack the anti-SEZs movement which has taken the form of mass resistance, the peasant movement for land, the trade union movement and all democratic forces. In Rajnandgaon where CPI(ML) is supporting a Kisan Morcha candidate with anti-SEZ manifesto in the by-election to the Lok Sabha seat, the reactionary forces are bracketing CPI(ML) with ‘Maoists’ and attacking the comrades engaged in the campaign. The monopoly media which continue to write on the ‘Maoists’ action refuse to report how the state terror is intensified many times in its name. Besides, the CPI(M) leaders who are spreading the blatant lie that Nandigram massacre took place due to involvement of ‘Maoists’, are utilising the ‘Maoist’ action in Chhattisgarh as a cover to repeat their blatant lies.

In this situation, the CPI(Maoist) action should be severely criticised and it should be asked to stop this anarchist line by all communist revolutionary and democratic forces. At the same time people should be mobilised against the escalation of state terror in the name of suppressing the ‘Maoists’.


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